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ID: 300020533
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300020533

 

Record Type: concept
Roman (ancient Italian culture or period) (Ancient Italian, Mediterranean (Early Western World), ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers broadly to the period, styles, and culture of the state centered on the city of Rome from the period from the founding of the city ca. 700 BCE through the events leading to the founding of the republic in 509 BCE, the establishment of the empire in 27 BCE, and the final eclipse of the Empire of the West in the 5th century CE. Ancient Rome became a powerful force and supplanted Greek and Etruscan influence on the Apennine peninsula. Its rule and influence gradually encompassed a wide area in Europe, northern Africa, the Middle East, and Asia Minor. Its influence was wide in scope, including sculpture, painting, architecture, engineering, language, the road system, law, and many other areas of culture. Roman art and architecture is characterized by early derivations from Greek art and architecture, but it gradually developed into a style of its own, absorbing characteristics of styles from the far flung regions under its control.
 
Terms:
Roman (ancient Italian culture or period) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Ancient Roman (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Roman, Ancient (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Romeins (stijl of periode) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
romaine (C,U,French-P,D,U,A)
romain (C,U,French,UF,U,U)
Romano (estilo o periodo antiguo) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Early Western World
............ Early Western World (G)
Hierarchy of Mediterranean (Early Western World)
................ Mediterranean (Early Western World) (G)
Hierarchy of Ancient Italian
.................... Ancient Italian (G)
Hierarchy of Roman (ancient Italian culture or period)
........................ Roman (ancient Italian culture or period) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de periode, beschaving en artistieke stijl die zich ontwikkelde toen het oude Rome aan macht won en de Griekse en Etruskische invloed op het Apennijnse schiereiland verdrong.De heerschappij en invloed besloegen op den duur een groot deel van Europa, Noord-Afrika, het Midden-Oosten en Klein-Azië. De Romeinse invloed liet zich op vele vlakken gelden, onder meer in de beeldhouwkunst, de schilderkunst, de architectuur, de techniek, de taal, het wegennet, de wetgeving en op vele andere culturele terreinen. De vroege Romeinse kunst en cultuur zijn afgeleid van de Griekse kunst en cultuur, maar ontwikkelden zich geleidelijk tot een eigen stijl, onder invloed van de verschillende kunststijlen uit de verre streken die onder Romeins gezag stonden. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al período, civilización y estilos artísticos que se desarrollaron cuando la ciudad antigua de Roma se convirtió en una fuerza poderosa y substituyó la influencia griega y Etrusca en la península Apenina. Su dominio e influencia gradualmente se extendió en una amplia área en Europa, África del Norte, el Mediano Oriente y Asia Menor. Su influencia fue de gran alcance, incluyendo la escultura, pintura, arquitectura, ingeniería, lenguaje, el sistema de caminos, ley y muchas otras áreas de la cultura. El arte romano y la arquitectura se caracterizan por derivaciones tempranas del arte y arquitectura griego, pero gradualmente desarrolló su propio estilo, absorbiendo características de los estilos de las vastas regiones bajo su control. 

Related concepts:
involves ....  Roman religion
................  (religions (belief systems, cultures), <religions and religious concepts>, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300400836]
reflected in ....  ludi publici
......................  (entertainment events, cultural events, ... Events (hierarchy name)) [300379180]
reflected in/produces ....  catacombs
........................................  (<cemeteries by form>, cemeteries, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name)) [300000367]

Sources and Contributors:
Ancient Roman............  [VP]
..........................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
..........................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
..........................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 11 August 2003
..........................  Mark, Reinterpreting Ancient Roman Structure, American Scientist (1987)
..........................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 11 August 2003
romain............  [CHIN / RCIP]
.................  CHIN database (1988-)
romaine............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.................  CHIN database (1988-)
Roman (ancient Italian culture or period)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
....................................................................  AATA database (2002-) 128322 checked 26 January 2012
....................................................................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT) - subhead.; Roman
....................................................................  Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1980) 192; Roman
....................................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................................................................  Hornblower and Spawforth, Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (1998) 604; Roman
....................................................................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984) Roman
....................................................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) Roman
....................................................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976) Preferred term not given; Roman
Roman, Ancient............  [VP]
.............................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996) Vol. 26, 146
Romano (estilo o periodo antiguo)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
........................................................  TAA database (2000-)
Romeins (stijl of periode)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 128322 checked 26 January 2012
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) ...,Roman
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Roman...
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Legacy AAT data
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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