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ID: 300020315
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300020315

 

Record Type: concept
Middle Kingdom (Egyptian) (Egyptian periods, Egyptian (ancient), ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the second of three great periods in Egyptian civilization from about 2008 to 1630 BCE comprising the Eleventh Dynasty and Twelfth Dynasty; some sources include the Thirteenth Dynasty ending about 1630 BCE. The period is characterized by a revival of the arts seen particularly in the construction of royal funerary pyramids and temples, private rock-cut tombs and their decoration, an interest in portraiture in royal sculpture, and an overall high level of artistry and precision of execution particularly in relief sculpture and painting.
 
Terms:
Middle Kingdom (Egyptian) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Kingdom, Middle (Egyptian) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
中王國 (埃及) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
中王國時代 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
zhong wang guo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin),UF,U,U)
zhōng wáng guó (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
chung wang kuo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Middenrijk (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Imperio Medio (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Early Western World
............ Early Western World (G)
Hierarchy of Mediterranean (Early Western World)
................ Mediterranean (Early Western World) (G)
Hierarchy of Egyptian (ancient)
.................... Egyptian (ancient) (G)
Hierarchy of Egyptian periods
........................ Egyptian periods (G)
Hierarchy of Middle Kingdom (Egyptian)
............................ Middle Kingdom (Egyptian) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指埃及文明三大高峰時期中的第二個高峰期,發展於西元前2008年至西元前1630年間,包含第十一王朝與第十二王朝:某些研究資料認為結束於西元前1630年的第十三王朝亦包括在內。此時代的特色為各種藝術的復甦,尤其可見於王室陵墓金字塔與神殿的建造、私人的石砌墓室與其裝飾、在皇室雕塑上製作肖像的偏好,以及特別展現在浮雕雕塑與繪畫技巧上的藝術性與精準之高度水準。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de tweede van drie grote perioden in de Egyptische beschaving, van circa 2008 tot 1630 v. Chr. en de 11de en 12de dynastie omvattend. Sommige bronnen rekenen hier ook de 13de dynastie toe, die circa 1630 v. Chr. ten einde liep. De periode kenmerkt zich door een heropleving van de kunst, die met name te zien is in de bouw van koninklijke grafpiramiden en tempels, particuliere, uit rotsen gehakte graven en de versiering hiervan, een belangstelling voor portretkunst in de koninklijke beeldhouwkunst en een algeheel hoog niveau van kunstzinnigheid en precieze uitvoering, met name in reliëfbeelden en de schilderkunst. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al segundo de los tres grandes períodos en la civilización egipcia desde aproximadamente el 2008 al 1630 a.C. que comprenden la Dinastía XI y XII; algunas fuentes incluyen la XIII Dinastía que termina aproximadamente en el 1630 a.C. El período se caracteriza por un renacimiento de las artes visto particularmente en la construcción de pirámides funerarias reales y templos, tumbas de roca cortada privadas y su decoración, un interés en el retrato en escultura real y en conjunto un alto nivel de arte y precisión en la ejecución particularmente en escultura en relieve y pintura. 

Sources and Contributors:
中王國 (埃及)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  智慧藏百科全書網 August 22, 2012
.................  法老的國度:古埃及文化史 31
中王國時代............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  埃及古文明 94
chung wang kuo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
Imperio Medio............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
..........................  Cohn-Wiener, Las artes industriales en oriente (1929) 22
..........................  Rafols, Historia del Arte (2001) 67
Kingdom, Middle (Egyptian)............  [VP]
...............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Middenrijk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Bijvanck, Kunst der Oudheid (1949)
Middle Kingdom (Egyptian)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
............................................  AATA database (2002-) 145957 checked 26 January 2012
............................................  Edwards et al., Cambridge Ancient History (1971) Vol. 1, No. 2, 996
............................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Egyptian Art." Accessed 05/19/1999.
............................................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996) Vol. 9, 776
............................................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984) 359
............................................  Ruffle, Egyptians (1977) 53
............................................  Trigger et al., Ancient Egypt (1983) 115
zhong wang guo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
zhōng wáng guó............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 145957 checked 26 January 2012
............  Bijvanck, Kunst der Oudheid (1949)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Bijvanck, Kunst der Oudheid (1949)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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