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ID: 300020100
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300020100

 

Record Type: concept
Late Classical (Classical, Ancient Greek (culture or style), ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the last phase of the Classical period and style, from around 400 BCE to around 330 BCE. It was initiated by the end of the Pelopponesian War and ended after the Greek states lost their independence to Philip of Macedon. It is characterized by a movement away from the perfect, ideal canons of style to a greater focus on the depiction of individual human beings and the real world, and by a diversity and inventiveness among various artists. Notable innovations in sculpture include the depiction of female goddesses in the nude, figures that are less austere and more sensuous, poses and gestures that thrust out of the confined boundaries of the ideal Classical pose, and body proportions that are more slender than in High Classical art.
 
Terms:
Late Classical (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Classical, Late (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
晚期古典時期 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
wǎn qǐ gǔ diǎn shí qǐ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
wan qi gu dian shi qi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
wan ch'i ku tien shih ch'i (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Laat-klassiek (Grieks) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Clásico tardío (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
clasicismo siglo IV a.C (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Early Western World
............ Early Western World (G)
Hierarchy of Mediterranean (Early Western World)
................ Mediterranean (Early Western World) (G)
Hierarchy of Aegean
.................... Aegean (G)
Hierarchy of Aegean periods
........................ Aegean periods (G)
Hierarchy of Ancient Greek (culture or style)
............................ Ancient Greek (culture or style) (G)
Hierarchy of Classical
................................ Classical (G)
Hierarchy of Late Classical
.................................... Late Classical (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 稱指自西元前400年至西元前330年間發展之希臘古典時代與風格的最後一個階段。此時期在伯羅奔尼撒戰爭(Pelopponesian War)結束後開始發展,結束於馬其頓的菲利浦大帝(Philip of Macedon)對希臘城邦的統治。此時期的特徵在於其風格從追求完美與理型,轉向於關注個別人物與真實世界的描繪,以及諸多藝術家的多樣與創新發展。在雕塑作品方面的重要創新手法包含了女神裸像的描繪、較為華麗且更加呈現肉體感與感官美感的人像、突破古典時期作品中對於理想的姿態所設下的限制,以及相較於高古典時期/古典時期盛期藝術更加纖細的身體比例。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de laatste fase van de klassieke periode en stijl, van circa 400 tot circa 330 v. Chr. De periode begon aan het einde van de Peloponnesische oorlog en eindigde nadat de Griekse staten hun onafhankelijkheid verloren aan Philippus van Macedonië. De stijl kenmerkt zich door een verminderd streven naar de perfecte, ideale stijlnormen, en meer nadruk op het verbeelden van de werkelijke wereld en afzonderlijke individuen. Voorts is de diversiteit en de inventiviteit van verschillende kunstenaars kenmerkend. Opvallende vernieuwingen in de beeldhouwkunst zijn de afbeelding van naakte godinnen, de weergave van minder strikte, sensuelere poses en gebaren die buiten de vaste begrenzingen treden van wat gold als de ideale klassieke pose, en slankere lichaamsvormen dan in de hoogklassieke kunst. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a la última fase del período y estilo Clásico, de alrededor del 400 a.C a alrededor del 330 a.C. Se inició cerca del termino de la Guerra del Peloponeso y finalizó después que los estados griegos perdieron su independencia a manos de Filipo de Macedonia. Se caracteriza por un alejamiento de los cánones de estilo perfectos e ideales a una mayor atención en la representación de seres humanos individuales y el mundo real y por una diversidad e inventiva entre diversos artistas. Las innovaciones notables en escultura incluyen la representación de desnudos de diosas femeninas, figuras que son menos austeras y más sensuales, poses y gestos que se salen de las fronteras limitadas de la pose clásica ideal y proporciones del cuerpo que son más estilizadas que en el arte Clásico anterior. 

Sources and Contributors:
晚期古典時期............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
clasicismo siglo IV a.C............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.........................................  Rafols, Historia del Arte (2001) 157
Clásico tardío............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.............................  TAA database (2000-)
Classical, Late............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Laat-klassiek (Grieks)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.........................................  Griekse, Etruskische en Romeinse kunst (1984)
Late Classical............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 125504 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1986) 163
.............................  Janson, History of Art (1986) 138
wan ch'i ku tien shih ch'i............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...............................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
wan qi gu dian shi qi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
......................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
wǎn qǐ gǔ diǎn shí qǐ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
......................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 125504 checked 26 January 2012
............  Griekse, Etruskische en Romeinse kunst (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Griekse, Etruskische en Romeinse kunst (1984)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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