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ID: 300020079
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300020079

 

Record Type: concept
Geometric (Greek culture or style) (Ancient Greek (culture or style), Aegean periods, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to a period, culture, and style that developed first in Attica, but was eventually found throughout Greece, in Italy, and in the Levant. It is generally held to have occurred from around 900 BCE to around 700 BCE, though some classification schemes omit the Protogeometric period and begin the Geometric period at 1100 BCE. In pottery it is characterized by dark-on-light decorations arranged in regularly spaced horizontal bands, and differs from Protogeometric style in that the designs are busier and the bands cover nearly the entire vessel. Designs include zigzags, triangles, meanders, swastikas, and distinctive stylized, angular human and animal figures. Similar designs and figural types were used in sculpture and other arts.
 
Terms:
Geometric (Greek culture or style) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
幾何圖形風格 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
幾何時期 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
jǐ hé tú xíng fēng gé (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ji he tu xing feng ge (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chi ho t'u hsing feng ko (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
geometrisch (Grieks) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Geométrico (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Early Western World
............ Early Western World (G)
Hierarchy of Mediterranean (Early Western World)
................ Mediterranean (Early Western World) (G)
Hierarchy of Aegean
.................... Aegean (G)
Hierarchy of Aegean periods
........................ Aegean periods (G)
Hierarchy of Ancient Greek (culture or style)
............................ Ancient Greek (culture or style) (G)
Hierarchy of Geometric (Greek culture or style)
................................ Geometric (Greek culture or style) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指稱最初在亞地加(Attica)一地發展,但是最後卻可見於希臘全境、義大利,以及黎凡特之希臘藝術與文化的時代與風格。一般認為此一風格大約於西元前900年至西元前700年間發展,雖然有些分期系統省略了原始幾何時期,而將幾何時期明訂為始於西元前1100年。在陶器風格上,此時期的特徵為繪製在以固定間隔排列之平行帶狀區域的淺底深色裝飾(dark-on-light),與原始幾何時期的風格有所不同,此種設計圖案更加繁複,帶狀區域也幾乎覆蓋了整件器皿。設計圖案包含了之字形、三角形、波形紋、萬字紋,以及明顯的風格化、輪廓硬直的人像與動物像。類似的設計圖案與形像風格則被運用在雕塑與其他藝術之中。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar een periode en stijl van Griekse kunst en cultuur die zich eerst ontwikkelde in Attica maar uiteindelijk is aangetroffen in heel Griekenland, in Italië en in de Levant. Over het algemeen wordt de periode gedateerd van circa 900 tot circa 700 v. Chr., hoewel sommige classificatiesystemen de protogeometrische periode weglaten en de geometrische laten aanvangen in 1100 v. Chr. Het aardewerk wordt gekenmerkt door donker-op-lichte decoraties, geordend in regelmatig afgebakende horizontale banden, en verschilt van de protogeometrische stijl doordat de ontwerpen drukker zijn, met banden die vrijwel het gehele vat bedekken. De ontwerpen bestaan uit keperbanden, driehoeken, meanders, swastika’s en kenmerkende gestileerde, hoekige menselijke en dierlijke figuren. Soortgelijke ontwerpen en figuursoorten werden gebruikt in de beeldhouwkunst en andere kunstvormen. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a un período y estilo de arte y cultura griego que se desarrolló primero en Ática, pero que eventualmente fue encontrado a lo largo de toda Grecia, en Italia y en el Levante. Generalmente se sostiene que existió desde alrededor del 900 a.C a alrededor del 700 a.C, aunque algunos esquemas de la clasificación omiten el período Protogeométrico y empiezan en el período Geométrico en 1100 a.C. En cerámica se caracteriza por decoraciones negras sobre claro colocadas en bandas horizontales regularmente espaciadas y se diferencia del estilo Protogeométrico en que los diseños están más llenos y las bandas cubren casi el vaso completo. Los diseños incluyen zigzages, triángulos, meandros, esvásticas y características figuras animales y humanas angulares estilizadas. Se usaron diseños similares y tipos de figuras en escultura y otras artes. 

Sources and Contributors:
幾何圖形風格............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 February 20, 2012
.................  智慧藏百科全書網 February 20, 2012
幾何時期............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
chi ho t'u hsing feng ko............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
Geometric (Greek culture or style)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...........................................................  AATA database (2002-) 124171 checked 26 January 2012
...........................................................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT) - subhead.
...........................................................  Boardman, Greek Art (1973) 23
...........................................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Geometric style." Accessed 09/10/99.
...........................................................  Fagan and Beck, Oxford Companion to Archaeology (1996) 502
...........................................................  Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1986) 128
...........................................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Greece, ancient." Accessed 09/10/99.
...........................................................  Janson, History of Art (1986) 105
...........................................................  Metropolitan Museum of Art, Greek Art of the Aegean Islands (1979) 106
...........................................................  Pollitt, Art and Experience in Classical Greece (1980) 7
...........................................................  Richter, Handbook of Greek Art (1974) 186
Geométrico............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.......................  Boardman, El Arte Griego (1996) 32
.......................  Fatás y Borrás, Diccionario de términos de Arte y elementos de Arqueología, Heráldica y Numismática (1997) 120
.......................  Lucie-Smith, Diccionario de Términos de Arte (1997) 93
.......................  Rafols, Historia del Arte (2001) 128
geometrisch (Grieks)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...................................  Lützeler, Verklarend kunstwoordenboek (1982)
jǐ hé tú xíng fēng gé............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
......................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
ji he tu xing feng ge............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
......................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 124171 checked 26 January 2012
............  Lützeler, Verklarend kunstwoordenboek (1982)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Janson, History of Art (1986)
.......... Richter, Handbook of Greek Art (1974)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Lützeler, Verklarend kunstwoordenboek (1982)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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