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ID: 300019247
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300019247

 

Record Type: concept
Annamese (<Vietnamese regional styles and periods>, Vietnamese (culture or style), ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to styles and methods of ceramic production used in Vietnam since the first century. The style generally reflects strong Chinese influences; however by the 11th century, the technology, shapes, and designs of ceramics evolved into more distinct Vietnamese styles. The style can be divided into pre-export wares, featuring brown-and-white incised urns, basins, and squat jars with floral, leaf, lotus and chrysanthemum blossom motifs; early export wares, featuring an identifiable whitish or grayish body, hard and fine texture, and a dark chocolate-colored or lighter brown-colored base; and blue-and-white wares, featuring a special underglaze used in the 14th century, designs of flowers, lotus scrolls, and swimming fish, and an overglaze enamel in red, green, and yellow. Blue-and-white wares continued to evolve until the 18th and 19th centuries.
 
Terms:
Annamese (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Annam (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Annam (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
安南 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
ān nán (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
an nan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
an nan (Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
Annamees (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Asian
............ Asian (G)
Hierarchy of Southeast Asian
................ Southeast Asian (G)
Hierarchy of Vietnamese (culture or style)
.................... Vietnamese (culture or style) (G)
Hierarchy of <Vietnamese regional styles and periods>
........................ <Vietnamese regional styles and periods> (G)
Hierarchy of Annamese
............................ Annamese (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 用指自西元一世紀以來越南所使用的陶瓷製作風格與方法。此風格大致受到了中國風格的強烈影響;不過,到了西元十一世紀,陶瓷的技術、形狀、設計便開始演進形成較為獨特的越南風格。此風格又可分為出口前器皿、早期出口器皿、藍白器皿。出口前器皿又以刻有植物花卉、葉子、蓮花、菊花圖案的棕白色雕刻甕、盆子,以及矮罐最具特色;早期出口器皿則以帶白或帶灰的器身、堅硬而細緻的質地,以及黑巧克力色或淡棕色的基座最具代表性;藍白器皿則以於西元十四世紀間使用的特殊未上釉風格、花朵、蓮花渦卷、游泳的魚等設計,以及採紅、綠、黃三色的釉上彩搪瓷做為代表。藍白器皿一直持續發展至西元十八、十九世紀前後。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar stijlen en methoden van keramiekproductie die sinds de 1ste eeuw werden toegepast in Vietnam. De stijl weerspiegelt over het algemeen sterke Chinese invloeden; tegen de 11de eeuw ontwikkelden de technologie, vormen en ontwerpen van keramiek zich echter tot duidelijkere Vietnamese stijlen. De stijl kan worden onderverdeeld in pre-exportaardewerk (gekenmerkt door bruinwitte ingesneden urnen, bassins en hurkkruiken met bloem-, blad-, lotus- en chrysantbloesemmotieven), vroege-exportaardewerk (gekenmerkt door een identificeerbaar wit of grijsachtig lichaam, een harde en fijne textuur en een donkere chocoladekleurige of lichter bruin gekleurde basis) en blauwwit aardewerk, dat wordt gekenmerkt door een speciaal onderglazuur dat werd gebruikt in de 14de eeuw, door bloemontwerpen, lotuskrullen en zwemmende vissen, en door opgeglazuurd email in rood, groen en geel. Blauwwit aardewerk bleef zich ontwikkelen tot in de 18de en 19de eeuw. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a los estilos y métodos de producción cerámica usados en Vietnam desde el siglo I. El estilo generalmente refleja fuertes influencias chinas; sin embargo por el siglo XI, la tecnología, formas y diseños de las cerámicas evolucionaron en estilos vietnamitas más distintos. El estilo puede ser dividido en cerámica de pre-exportación y que presenta urnas con incisiones cafés y blancas, palanganas, urinarios con motivos de flores, hojas, lotos y de crisantemo florecientes; cerámica de exportación temprana, que exhibe un cuerpo blanquecino o grisáceo identificable, textura dura y fina y un coloreado chocolate oscuro o una base color castaño claro; y lozas azul-y-blancas, que presentan un fondo de barniz especial usado en el siglo XIV, diseños de flores, volutas de loto y pez nadando, y un esmalte vidriado en rojo, verde y amarillo. Las lozas azul-y-blancas continuaron evolucionando hasta los siglos XVIII y XIX. 

Sources and Contributors:
安南............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 March 12, 2012
...........  牛津當代大辭典 59
Annam............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
..............  Southeast Asian Ceramic Society, Vietnamese Ceramics (1982) 24
..............  TAA database (2000-)
Annamees............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Annamese............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 120426 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Fleming and Honour, Penguin Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1989) 29
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Vietnam: Ceramics" Accessed 7/28/00
.................  Moes, Southeast Asian Ceramics (1975) 6
.................  Pearman, CMA Slide Library Classification (1980s) 25
.................  Savage and Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Ceramics (1974) 29
an nan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
ān nán............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 120426 checked 26 January 2012
............  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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