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ID: 300019246
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300019246

 

Record Type: concept
Dai-La (Vietnamese periods, Vietnamese (culture or style), ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the period of the eighth and ninth centuries named after the capital of the Chinese province of Annam at Dai-Lai. The style of the period is driven by the flowering of Buddhism that influenced the development of sculpture and architecture and by an infusion of Chinese and Cham styles. In sculpture, the period features images from the Buddhist pantheon and of Buddhist monks constructed in wood or stone, stone pillars, kinnara mythical figures, lokapala guardian figures displaying Indian and Chinese decorative influences, and bas-relief carvings depicting plants and figures reminiscent of cave sculptures of Yungang and Longmen in China. In architecture, the period features terracotta moldings on temples, stupas built in brick, and motifs on structures featuring stylized dragons, clouds, and plants.
 
Terms:
Dai-La (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Dai-La (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Dai-La (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
大拉 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
戴拉 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
dà lā (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
da la (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ta la (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Asian
............ Asian (G)
Hierarchy of Southeast Asian
................ Southeast Asian (G)
Hierarchy of Vietnamese (culture or style)
.................... Vietnamese (culture or style) (G)
Hierarchy of Vietnamese periods
........................ Vietnamese periods (G)
Hierarchy of Dai-La
............................ Dai-La (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指於西元八至九世紀之間發展的時代,以中國安南省(Annam)的首都大拉(Dai-La)加以命名。佛教的成熟與盛行催生了此時代的風格,並影響了雕刻與建築的發展;此外,中國與佔婆族風格的融合也影響了此時代風格的出現。雕刻方面,此時代的特色展現於佛教眾神的圖像、和尚木雕或石雕、石柱、真陀羅(kinnara)神話人物、受到印度及中國裝飾風格影響的方位護法(lokapala),以及令人聯想到中國雲岡與龍門石窟雕刻的植物及人物淺浮雕等。建築方面,此時代的特色展現於寺廟的陶瓦、磚造舍利塔、出現於建築結構上的風格化龍紋、雲紋與植物紋等圖案。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de periode van de achtste en negende eeuw die is genoemd naar de hoofdstad van de Chinese provincie Dai-Lai. De stijl van deze periode wordt bepaald door de bloei van het boeddhisme, die van invloed was op de ontwikkeling van beeldhouwkunst en architectuur en door de inbreng van Chinese stijl en Cham-stijl. In de beeldhouwkunst wordt deze periode gekenmerkt door afbeeldingen van het boeddhistische godendom en van boeddhistische monniken, geconstrueerd in hout of steen, stenen pilaren, mythische kinnarafiguren, beschermende lokapala-figuren beïnvloed door Indiase en Chinese decoraties, en beeldsnijwerken in bas-reliëf van planten en figuren die doen denken aan grotsculpturen van Yungang en Longmen in China. In de architectuur wordt deze periode gekenmerkt door terracotta lijstwerk op tempels, stoepa's gebouwd van baksteen en motieven op constructies met gestileerde draken, wolken en planten. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al período de los siglos VIII y IX que lleva el nombre de la capital de la provincia china de Annam a Dai-Lai. El estilo del período se basa en el florecimiento del Budismo que influyó en el desarrollo de la escultura y la arquitectura y por un conocimiento de los estilos Chino y Cham. En escultura, el período ofrece imágenes del panteón budista y de monjes budistas fabricados en madera o piedra, pilares de piedra, figuras míticas kinnara, figuras guardianas lokapala que exhiben influencias decorativas indias y chinas, y tallados de bajo relieves que representan plantas y figuras que recuerdan las esculturas de cueva de Yungang y Longmen en China. En arquitectura, el período ofrece molduras de terracota en templos, stupas construidos en ladrillo y motivos en estructuras caracterizando dragones estilizados, nubes y plantas. 

Sources and Contributors:
大拉............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
戴拉............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dai-La............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Groslier, Indo-China (1962) CHT2
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Vietnam: Sculpture: Religious and Formal" Accessed 7/27/00
.................  Pearman, CMA Slide Library Classification (1980s) 25
.................  TAA database (2000-)
da la............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
dà lā............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
ta la............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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