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ID: 300014015
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300014015

 

Record Type: concept
lake (pigment) (<pigment by production method>, pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: General term for numerous oil-soluble organic pigments that are prepared by the precipitation of a dye on an absorptive powdered, inorganic substrate; alumina trihydrate is most often used as the substrate because of its transparency. All pigments invented in relatively early periods and made in this way are still called "lakes." The word may be derived from the Italian word "lacca," a term used by medieval dyers for the scum removed from dye vats and sold to painters. The making of lake pigments dates to the Egyptians and Greeks. Lake pigments are used in painting, printing inks, plastic colorants, and coated fabrics.
 
Terms:
lake (pigment) (preferred,C,U,American English-P,D,U,N)
lake pigments (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
lake colors (pigments) (C,U,American English,UF,U,N)
lake colours (pigments) (C,U,British English,UF,U,N)
色澱 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
色淀顏料 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
sè diàn (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
se dian (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
se tien (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
karmijn (pigment) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
laca (pigmento) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of pigment
.................... pigment (G)
Hierarchy of <pigment by production method>
........................ <pigment by production method> (G)
Hierarchy of lake (pigment)
............................ lake (pigment) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 為數眾多不溶於水之有機顏料中的任何一種,是以油溶性有機染料、沈澱劑,以及如鋁氫氧化物之類具吸收性的無機基質的相互作用所製成。它是顏料與媒染劑的結合,通常是一種天然或人工合成的染料,被吸收入半透明的基料中,並且用來當作顏料。 
Dutch ..... Te gebruiken voor elk pigment dat wordt gevormd door een organische kleur- of verfstof te doen neerslaan op een basis zoals aluminiumhydraat. 
Spanish ..... Cualquier pigmento obtenido por precipitación de una materia pigmentante orgánica o colorante sobre una base, como el hidrato de aluminio.  

Sources and Contributors:
色澱............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 March 15, 2012
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 March 15, 2012
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 243
色淀顏料............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9,pp. 182
karmijn (pigment)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
laca (pigmento)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.............................  Sanz y Gallego, Diccionario Akal del Color (2001) 510
lake (pigment)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 125419 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 590; lake
.............................  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966) 124; lake
.............................  Harley, Artists' Pigments c.1600-1835 (1982) 131; lake
.............................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 208; lake
.............................  Tate Gallery, Completing the Picture (1982) lake
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) lake
lake colors (pigments)............  [VP]
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
lake colours (pigments)............  [VP]
.........................................  Harley, Artists' Pigments c.1600-1835 (1982) 131
lake pigments............  [VP]
..........................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
se dian............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
sè diàn............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
se tien............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 125419 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms [online] (2001-2008) accessed 6 January 2009
.......... Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966)
.......... Glossary, UBC Faculty of Land and Food Systems (2000-) accessed 7 May 2006
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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