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ID: 300013647
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300013647

 

Record Type: concept
red lead (pigment) (synthetic inorganic red pigment, red pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Heavy, opaque, orange-red pigment composed of lead tetroxide. Although chemically equivalent to the mineral minium, red lead pigment has been synthetically prepared by roasting lead white (480 C) since before the 5th century BCE. Red lead has been found as a pigment on early objects from Egypt, China, Japan, India, Persia, and Rome; it is no longer used as an artist's color because is has poor light stability and poor working properties, although it is still used to color glass and ceramic glazes. Pliny called it "secondarium minium." It was widely used in illuminated manuscripts, and with its use, the term "miniare" came to mean "to color with red lead," giving rise to the term "miniature." Red lead paint was used as an anticorrosion primer for structural iron and steel until the late 20th century.
 
Terms:
red lead (pigment) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
lead, red (pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
lead tetroxide (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
orange lead (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
burnt white lead (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
mineral red (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
mineral orange (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
orange mineral (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
rood lood (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Bleimennige (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
rojo de plomo (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
tetróxido de plomo (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)
ch'ien tan (H,U,Chinese (transliterated),UF,U,N)
false sandarach (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
minium secondarium (H,U,Latin,UF,U,N)
Paris red (H,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ used prior to the 1900s
plumbous plumbate (H,U,Latin,UF,U,N)
saturine red (H,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ archaic name for red lead
Saturn red (H,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ archaic name for red lead
secondarium minium (H,U,Latin,UF,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of pigment
.................... pigment (G)
Hierarchy of <pigment by color>
........................ <pigment by color> (G)
Hierarchy of red pigment
............................ red pigment (G)
Hierarchy of synthetic inorganic red pigment
................................ synthetic inorganic red pigment (G)
Hierarchy of red lead (pigment)
.................................... red lead (pigment) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of mineral
.................... mineral (G)
Hierarchy of red lead (pigment)
........................ red lead (pigment) (G)

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  iron oxide red (pigment)
..................................  (inorganic red pigment, red pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300013537]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  minium (mineral)
..................................................  (mineral, inorganic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300311178]

Sources and Contributors:
Bleimennige............  [VP]
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
burnt white lead............  [VP]
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
ch'ien tan............  [VP]
.......................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 110
false sandarach............  [VP]
.............................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 109
lead, red (pigment)............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
lead tetroxide............  [VP]
.............................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 103
mineral orange............  [VP]
.............................  Saitzyk, Art Hardware (1987) 169]
mineral red............  [VP]
.......................  Saitzyk, Art Hardware (1987) 169
minium secondarium............  [VP]
...................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1991) 344
orange lead............  [VP]
.......................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 103
orange mineral............  [VP]
.............................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 103
Paris red............  [VP]
....................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 110
....................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
plumbous plumbate............  [VP]
................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
red lead (pigment)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 128072 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...................................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 109; Red lead
...................................  Harley, Artists' Pigments c.1600-1835 (1982) 123
...................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 324, Lead monoxide and lead peroxide.
...................................  Saitzyk, Art Hardware (1987) 169
...................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 103
rojo de plomo............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
..........................  Bomford, Dunkerton, Gordon y Roy, La pintura italiana hasta 1400. Materiales, métodos y procedimientos de arte (1995) 33
..........................  Mayer, Materiales y técnicas del arte, 1985 50
rood lood............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
saturine red............  [VP]
.......................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 324
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Saturn red............  [VP]
.......................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 103
secondarium minium............  [VP]
...................................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986)
tetróxido de plomo............  [CDBP-SNPC]
...................................  Bomford, Dunkerton, Gordon y Roy, La pintura italiana hasta 1400. Materiales, métodos y procedimientos de arte (1995) 33
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 128072 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1991) 344
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 1 January 2009

 

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