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ID: 300013597
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300013597

 

Record Type: concept
cochineal (colorant) (<colorant for dye and pigment>, colorant (material), ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A red natural transparent lake colorant that has poor lightfastness and fades in strong sunlight. It is prepared from the bodies of the female scale insect, Dactylopius coccus, native to Mexico, the Canary Islands, and Central and South America. Cochineal dye was used by the Aztec and Maya peoples of Central and North America, adopted by Europeans. The pigments are extracted from the dried bodies of insects using water or alcohol. The substance contains about 10% carminic acid, 2% coccerin wax, and 10% fat: the crimson color of cochineal dye is attributed to cochinealin or carminic acid. Cochineal is also used in medicine as an antispasmodic.
 
Terms:
cochineal (colorant) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
cochenille (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
cochenille (French-P,D,U,U)
Cochenille (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
Koschenille (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
Nopalschildlaus (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
cocciniglia (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,N)
cochinilla (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,N)
zacatillo (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,N)
grana cochinilla (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,N)
kogchinili (C,U,Greek (transliterated)-P,D,U,U)
cochonilha (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,U,U)
cochinilha (C,U,Portuguese,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of <colorant for dye and pigment>
.................... <colorant for dye and pigment> (G)
Hierarchy of cochineal (colorant)
........................ cochineal (colorant) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of pigment
.................... pigment (G)
Hierarchy of <pigment by production method>
........................ <pigment by production method> (G)
Hierarchy of lake (pigment)
............................ lake (pigment) (G)
Hierarchy of cochineal (colorant)
................................ cochineal (colorant) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Een rode, natuurlijke organische kleurstof die ook wordt gebruikt als substraatpigment, verkregen uit de lichamen van de vrouwelijke schildluis Dactylopius coccus Costa (voorheen de coccus Cacti). Het belangrijkste kleurcomponent is karmijn. 
Spanish ..... Colorante orgánico natural rojo utilizado como pigmento para laca y preparado a partir del cuerpo del insecto coco hembra, Dactylopius coccus Costa (antes Coccus cacti). Es el principal componente colorante del carmín. 

Related concepts:
composed of ....  carminic acid
....................  (acid, <materials by property>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300380329]
constituent of ....  carmine (lake)
..........................  (<colorant for dye and pigment>, colorant (material), ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300013587]
derived/made from ....  Dactylopius coccus (species)
................................  (Dactylopius (genus), Dactylopiidae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300311204]

Sources and Contributors:
cocciniglia............  [VP]
.......................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 255, ITA
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Cochenille............  [VP]
.......................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 255, FRA; 255, DEU
cochenille............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
cochineal (colorant)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 122009 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1986)
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...................................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 255
...................................  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966) 110
...................................  Harley, Artists' Pigments c.1600-1835 (1982) 136
...................................  Mackie and Thompson, Turkmen (1980) 220
...................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 82
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
...................................  Personal Communication Elisabeth West Fitzhugh, Conservation scientist, ret., December 1991.
...................................  Rodee, Old Navajo Rugs (1981) 3
cochinilha............  [VP]
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
cochinilla............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.......................  Brookfield, La escritura (1994) 29
.......................  Diccionario de Química y de productos químicos (1993) 1101
.......................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 255, ESP
cochonilha............  [VP]
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
grana cochinilla............  [VP]
.............................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 255, ESP
kogchinili............  [VP]
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Koschenille............  [VP]
.......................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 255, DEU
Nopalschildlaus............  [VP]
.............................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 255, DEU
zacatillo............  [VP]
....................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 255, ESP
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 122009 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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