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ID: 300013568
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300013568

 

Record Type: concept
vermilion (pigment) (inorganic red pigment, red pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Synthetic pigment composed of red mercuric sulfide, chemically the same as the natural mineral cinnabar. There are two methods for preparing vermilion, a dry-process and a wet-process. The dry-process method, adding mercury to molten sulfur, was invented by the Chinese then imported to Europe ca. 8th century, seemingly via the Islamic world. The wet-process method, placing the ground black mercuric sulfide isomorph into a solution of ammonium sulfide or potassium sulfide, was developed in the late 17th century in Germany. Vermilion is a dense pigment with excellent hiding power, used in oil, watercolor, egg tempera, and fresco paintings. When exposed to ultraviolet light and oxygen, or chloride ions, vermilion can change from its normal red crystalline form to gray or black, resulting in dark discolorations.
 
Terms:
vermilion (pigment) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
vermilion pigment (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
vermilion red (pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
vermillion (pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
vermiculus (pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
vermiljoen (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
vermillon (pigment) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
Vermilion (pigment) (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
vermiglio (pigment) (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,N)
shu (pigment) (C,U,Japanese (transliterated)-P,D,U,N)
vermellon (pigment) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,N)
bermellón (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)
sulfuro de mercurio rojo (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)
dmar po (C,U,Tibetan (transliterated)-P,D,U,N)
minium (historical, vermilion) (H,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ historically used for cinnabar and vermilion

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of pigment
.................... pigment (G)
Hierarchy of <pigment by color>
........................ <pigment by color> (G)
Hierarchy of red pigment
............................ red pigment (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic red pigment
................................ inorganic red pigment (G)
Hierarchy of vermilion (pigment)
.................................... vermilion (pigment) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of mineral
.................... mineral (G)
Hierarchy of vermilion (pigment)
........................ vermilion (pigment) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Pigment bestaande uit kwiksulfiet, zowel het natuurlijke mineraal cinnaber als de kunstmatige verbinding. 
Spanish ..... Pigmento compuesto de sulfuro de mercurio, que incluye cinabrio mineral natural y cinabrio obtenido artificialmente. 

Related concepts:
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  Chinese red
..................................................  (inorganic red pigment, red pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300311451]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  cinnabar (pigment)
..................................................  (inorganic red pigment, red pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300400883]

Sources and Contributors:
bermellón............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
....................  Bomford, Dunkerton, Gordon y Roy, La pintura italiana hasta 1400. Materiales, métodos y procedimientos de arte (1995) 31
....................  Mayer, Materiales y técnicas del arte, 1985 40 - 80
dmar po............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
minium (historical, vermilion)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
shu (pigment)............  [VP]
..........................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
sulfuro de mercurio rojo............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.........................................  Bomford, Dunkerton, Gordon y Roy, La pintura italiana hasta 1400. Materiales, métodos y procedimientos de arte (1995) 31
vermellon (pigment)............  [VP]
...................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993) ESP
vermiculus (pigment)............  [VP]
...................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
vermiglio (pigment)............  [VP]
...................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993) ITA
vermilion (pigment)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 130247 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966)
...................................  Harley, Artists' Pigments c.1600-1835 (1982) 125
...................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 420
...................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
...................................  Saitzyk, Art Hardware (1987) 169
...................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 105
Vermilion (pigment)............  [VP]
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
...................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993) DEU
...................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 105
vermilion pigment............  [VP]
................................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 591
vermilion red (pigment)............  [VP]
.........................................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 483
vermiljoen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
vermillion (pigment)............  [VP]
...................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 105
vermillon (pigment)............  [CHIN / RCIP, VP]
...................................  CHIN database (1988-)
...................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993) FRA
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 130247 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 28 January 2009
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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