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ID: 300013561
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300013561

 

Record Type: concept
realgar (pigment) (inorganic red pigment, red pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: An orange-red mineral, found as soft lumps consisting of arsenic disulfide, having a resinous luster; it is found in eastern Europe, Asia, and western North America in lead and silver ores along with orpiment (arsenic trisulfide). Realgar was once widely used as a pigment because of its bright rich color in works from China, India, Central Asia, Egypt, and Europe. However, it is extremely toxic, not stable, and can deteriorate badly in oil paint films.
 
Terms:
realgar (pigment) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
realgar (pigment) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
realgar (pigment) (Italian-P,D,U,N)
red orpiment (pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
red arsenic sulfide (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
arsenic disulfide (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
雄黃 (顏料) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
紅雌黃 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
xióng huáng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
xiong huang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hsiung huang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
réalgar (pigment) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
Realgar (pigment) (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
Rauschrot (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
Rosgeel (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
Rote Arsenblende (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
Schwefelarsenik (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
rejalgar (pigmento) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,N)
jalde (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
roseaker (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
sandaraca (pigment) (H,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ in ancient Rome, used to refer to realgar

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of pigment
.................... pigment (G)
Hierarchy of <pigment by color>
........................ <pigment by color> (G)
Hierarchy of red pigment
............................ red pigment (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic red pigment
................................ inorganic red pigment (G)
Hierarchy of realgar (pigment)
.................................... realgar (pigment) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of mineral
.................... mineral (G)
Hierarchy of realgar (pigment)
........................ realgar (pigment) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種橘紅色礦物,外觀為團塊狀,硬度低,由二硫化砷構成,呈樹脂光澤,見於東歐、亞洲、北美西部的鉛、銀原礦物與雌黃(三硫化二砷)。因為色彩亮麗飽和,一度被當作顏料,廣泛運用於中國、印度、中亞、埃及、歐洲等地。然而雄黃含有劇毒、性質不穩定,接觸油性漆薄膜上有可能嚴重變質。 

Related concepts:
derived from common source ....  orpiment (pigment)
..............................................  (inorganic yellow pigment, yellow pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300013834]
distinguished from ....  sandarac (resin)
..................................  (resin (organic material), organic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300012954]

Sources and Contributors:
雄黃 (顏料)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 July 9, 2009
.................  岩石與礦物圖鑑 58
.................  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 1386
.................  牛津當代大辭典 1534
.................  藝術名詞與技法辭典 374, 391
紅雌黃............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 376
arsenic disulfide............  [VP]
................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
hsiung huang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
jalde............  [VP]
..............  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
Rauschrot............  [VP]
....................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
....................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982)
realgar (pigment)............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
................................  AATA database (2002-) 128043 checked 26 January 2012
................................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) ITA; DEU
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules Realgar (pigment)
................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 322
................................  Saitzyk, Art Hardware (1987) 169
................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 82
Realgar (pigment)............  [VP]
................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982)
réalgar (pigment)............  [VP]
................................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) FRA; réalgar
................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
red arsenic sulfide............  [VP]
...................................  Saitzyk, Art Hardware (1987) 169
red orpiment (pigment)............  [VP]
.........................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 322
rejalgar (pigmento)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
...................................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) ESP
...................................  Mayer, Materiales y técnicas del arte, 1985 56
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
roseaker............  [VP]
.................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 322
Rosgeel............  [VP]
.................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
Rote Arsenblende............  [VP]
.............................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
sandaraca (pigment)............  [VP]
...................................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
...................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 322
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Schwefelarsenik............  [VP]
.............................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) DEU
xiong huang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
xióng huáng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 128043 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... American Heritage Dictionary (1985) 1030
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 29 January 2009
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 29 January 2009
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)

 

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