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ID: 300013402
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300013402

 

Record Type: concept
umber (pigment) (inorganic brown pigment, brown pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A natural brown clay earth pigment that contains iron and manganese oxides, silica, alumina, and lime; tending to be less orange-red than sienna. The term refers to the region of Umbria, Italy, although the pigment is found elsewhere in the world, notably on Cyprus. It has been used as a pigment since prehistoric times.
 
Terms:
umber (pigment) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
brown, Cappagh (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Cappagh brown (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Cyprus umber (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
terre d'ombre (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Turkey umber (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
umber, Cyprus (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
umber, Turkey (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
umbra (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
赭土 (顏料) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
賽浦路斯赭土 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
土耳其赭土 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
土耳其棕 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
棕土 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
卡帕棕 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
zhě tǔ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
zhe tu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
che t'u (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
omber (pigment) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
sombra (pigmento) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of pigment
.................... pigment (G)
Hierarchy of <pigment by color>
........................ <pigment by color> (G)
Hierarchy of brown pigment
............................ brown pigment (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic brown pigment
................................ inorganic brown pigment (G)
Hierarchy of umber (pigment)
.................................... umber (pigment) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of pigment
.................... pigment (G)
Hierarchy of <pigment by composition or origin>
........................ <pigment by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic pigment
............................ inorganic pigment (G)
Hierarchy of natural inorganic pigment
................................ natural inorganic pigment (G)
Hierarchy of earth color (pigment)
.................................... earth color (pigment) (G)
Hierarchy of umber (pigment)
........................................ umber (pigment) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種天然的棕色黏土顏料,含有鐵、錳氧化物、矽石、礬土和石灰,顏色沒有赭土那麼橘紅。棕土的英文原詞umber意指義大利的翁布里亞區(Umbria),不過世界上還有其它地方能找到此顏料,特別是塞普勒斯。棕土自史前時代即被當作顏料使用。  
Dutch ..... Een natuurlijk bruine aardkleur die ijzer en mangaandioxiden, silica, aluminiumoxide en kalk bevat. Het is minder oranje-rood dan siënna. De term verwijst naar de regio Umbrië in Italië, maar het pigment is ook elders te vinden, met name op Cyprus. Het wordt al sinds de prehistorie gebruikt als pigment. 

Related concepts:
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  brown ocher
..................................................  (synthetic inorganic brown pigment, brown pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300013385]

Sources and Contributors:
赭土 (顏料)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  藝術名詞與技法辭典 474
賽浦路斯赭土............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  藝術名詞與技法辭典 126
土耳其赭土............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  藝術名詞與技法辭典 467
土耳其棕............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 467
棕土............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 May 30, 2012
卡帕棕............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 78
brown, Cappagh............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Cappagh brown............  [VP]
..........................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 114
che t'u............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Cyprus umber............  [VP]
.......................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 114
omber (pigment)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
sombra (pigmento)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
................................  Sanz y Gallego, Diccionario Akal del Color (2001) 830
terre d'ombre............  [VP]
..........................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 114
Turkey umber............  [VP]
.......................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 114
umber (pigment)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 130095 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 423
.............................  Saitzyk, Art Hardware (1987) 169
.............................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 114
umber, Cyprus............  [VP]
..........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
umber, Turkey............  [VP]
..........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
umbra............  [VP]
..............  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 114
zhe tu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
zhě tǔ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 130095 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accesed 14 February 2007
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)

 

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