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ID: 300013280
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300013280

 

Record Type: concept
Egyptian blue (synthetic inorganic blue pigment, blue pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A synthetic inorganic colorfast pigment having coarse, irregular particles and ranging in color from a powdery blue to a royal blue. It is composed of a double silicate of calcium and copper, prepared by heating a mixture of silica, copper salts, and calcite in a sodium carbonate flux, forming a stable blue frit. Egyptian blue is stable in all types of media and is unaffected by acids or alkali. It was used by the ancient Egyptians over 5000 years ago as a pottery glaze and watercolor pigment in wall paintings. Similar materials, later manufactured in Italy and called Pompeian blue and Pozzuoli blue, have similar chemical compositions and optical properties.
 
Terms:
Egyptian blue (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
blue, Egyptian (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Italian blue (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Alexandria blue (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Venetian blue (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Vestorian blue (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Alexandrian blue (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
copper frit (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Ägyptischblau (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Ägyptisch Blau (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bleu d'alexandrie (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bleu d'Egypte (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bleu Egyptian (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bleu egiziano (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bleu de Pouzzoles (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bleu fritté (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
blue frit (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Frittenblau (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
埃及藍 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
亞歷山大藍 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
青玻璃砂 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
威尼斯藍 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
維斯多利亞藍 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
義大利藍 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
āi jí lán (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ai ji lan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ai chi lan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Egyptisch blauw (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
azul egipcio (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of pigment
.................... pigment (G)
Hierarchy of <pigment by color>
........................ <pigment by color> (G)
Hierarchy of blue pigment
............................ blue pigment (G)
Hierarchy of synthetic inorganic blue pigment
................................ synthetic inorganic blue pigment (G)
Hierarchy of Egyptian blue
.................................... Egyptian blue (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種不會褪色的合成無機顏料,粒子粗糙且不規則,顏色範圍從粉藍到皇家藍。它由矽酸鈣及矽酸銅雙矽組成,在碳酸鈉助熔劑中加熱矽石、銅鹽、方解石的混合物,形成穩定的藍色熔塊。埃及藍在所有媒材中都很穩定,不受酸或鹼影響。五千多年前古埃及人便開始使用埃及藍,當時做為陶器釉料及壁畫的水彩顏料。之後義大利製造出類似材料,即龐貝藍和波佐利藍,具相似的化學成分及光學性質。  

Related concepts:
composed of ....  cuprorivaite
....................  (mineral, inorganic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300380305]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  Pompeian blue
..................................................  (synthetic inorganic blue pigment, blue pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300311555]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  Pozzuoli blue
..................................................  (synthetic inorganic blue pigment, blue pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300311556]

Sources and Contributors:
埃及藍............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 150
亞歷山大藍............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  藝術名詞與技法辭典 15
青玻璃砂............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 54
威尼斯藍............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 482
維斯多利亞藍............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  藝術名詞與技法辭典 485
義大利藍............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 232
Ägyptischblau............  [VP]
..........................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 143
Ägyptisch Blau............  [VP]
.............................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) DEU
ai chi lan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
ai ji lan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
āi jí lán............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Alexandria blue............  [VP]
.............................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 126
Alexandrian blue............  [VP]
.............................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 126
azul egipcio............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.......................  Mayer, Materiales y técnicas del arte, 1985 660
bleu d'alexandrie............  [VP]
................................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
bleu d'Egypte............  [VP]
..........................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 143
bleu de Pouzzoles............  [VP]
................................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
bleu egiziano............  [VP]
..........................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) ITA
bleu Egyptian............  [VP]
..........................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.) FRA
bleu fritté............  [VP]
.......................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
blue, Egyptian............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
blue frit............  [VP]
....................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
....................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 126
....................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 143
copper frit............  [VP]
.......................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
Egyptian blue............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
..........................  AATA database (2002-) 123126 checked 26 January 2012
..........................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
..........................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 126
..........................  Saitzyk, Art Hardware (1987) 172
..........................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 143
Egyptisch blauw............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Frittenblau............  [VP]
.......................  Fitzhugh, ed., Artists Pigments, vol.3 (unpub.)
Italian blue............  [VP]
.......................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 126
Venetian blue............  [VP]
..........................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 126
Vestorian blue............  [VP]
.............................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 126
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 123126 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 25 February 2009
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]

 

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