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ID: 300013085
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300013085

 

Record Type: concept
kermes (colorant) (<colorant for dye and pigment>, colorant (material), ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Colorant made from kermesic acid that is extracted from the dried bodies of female kermes insects. Kermes dye was used since ancient times. It contains 18-32% tannins and is used for making a dark color leather.
 
Terms:
kermes (colorant) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
kermes (colorant) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
kermes lake (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
grain lake (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
kermès (colorant) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
kermes vermilio (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
Kermes (colorant) (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
chermes (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,N)
quermes (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of <colorant for dye and pigment>
.................... <colorant for dye and pigment> (G)
Hierarchy of kermes (colorant)
........................ kermes (colorant) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of pigment
.................... pigment (G)
Hierarchy of <pigment by production method>
........................ <pigment by production method> (G)
Hierarchy of lake (pigment)
............................ lake (pigment) (G)
Hierarchy of kermes (colorant)
................................ kermes (colorant) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Een van de oudste typen van rode natuurlijke organische verfstof, die ook wordt gebruikt als substraatpigment, gemaakt van de lichaampjes van de vrouwelijke schildluis, Kermes vermillo Planch; voorheen onjuist aangemerkt als te zijn gemaakt van Coccus ilicis. Het is de belangrijkste kleurende component van karmijn. 
Spanish ..... Uno de los tipos más antiguos de colorante orgánico natural rojo, también utilizado como pigmento para laca, preparado a partir del cuerpo del insecto coco hembra, Kermes vermillo Planch; antigüamente incorrectamente explicado que se preparaba a partir de Coccus ilicis. Es el principal componente colorante del carmín. 

Related concepts:
constituent of ....  carmine (lake)
..........................  (<colorant for dye and pigment>, colorant (material), ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300013587]
constituent of ....  crimson lake (pigment)
..........................  (organic red pigment, red pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300013599]
derived/made from ....  Kermes (genus)
................................  (Kermesidae (family), Coccidae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300311342]
derived/made from ....  Quercus coccifera (species)
................................  (Quercus (genus), Fagaceae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name)) [300311343]

Sources and Contributors:
chermes............  [VP]
.................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 255, ITA
grain lake............  [VP]
.......................  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966) 123
.......................  Personal Communication Joyce Zucker, Paintings Conservator, NY State Bureau of Historic Sites, January 1989.
kermes (colorant)............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
................................  AATA database (2002-) 125312 checked 26 January 2012
................................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 413
................................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 255; 255, DEU
................................  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966) 123
................................  Harley, Artists' Pigments c.1600-1835 (1982) 131
................................  IATE
................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 204
................................  Personal Communication Elisabeth West Fitzhugh, Conservation scientist, rev., December 1991.
................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Kermes (colorant)............  [VP]
................................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) DEU
kermès (colorant)............  [VP]
................................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 255, FRA
kermes lake............  [VP]
.......................  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966) 123
.......................  Personal Communication Joyce Zucker, Paintings Conservator, NY State Bureau of Historic Sites, January 1989.
kermes vermilio............  [VP]
.............................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 255, FRA
quermes............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.................  Feller, Artists' Pigments (1986) 255, ESP
.................  Mayer, Materiales y técnicas del arte, 1985 683
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 125312 checked 26 January 2012
............  IATE
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... IATE
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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