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ID: 300011851
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300011851

 

Record Type: concept
parchment (animal material) (processed animal material, animal material, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Translucent or opaque material made from calf, sheep, or goat skin which has been limed, dehaired, scraped, and dried under tension to produce a thin, strong material for writing, bookbinding, or other uses. For finer quality calf parchment, use "vellum." The terms parchment and vellum sometimes have been and still are both confused and used interchangeably.
 
Terms:
parchment (animal material) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
parchments (animal material) (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
羊皮紙 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
牛羊皮紙 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
yáng pí zhǐ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
yang pi zhi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
yang p'i chih (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
perkament (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,N)
parchemin (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
Pergament (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
pergamena (animal material) (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,N)
pergamino (material animal) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,N)
pergament (C,U,Swedish-P,D,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by origin>
............ <materials by origin> (G)
Hierarchy of biological material
................ biological material (G)
Hierarchy of animal material
.................... animal material (G)
Hierarchy of processed animal material
........................ processed animal material (G)
Hierarchy of parchment (animal material)
............................ parchment (animal material) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 小牛、綿羊或山羊皮製的半透明或不透明材料,經石灰水浸泡、除毛、削皮、拉伸晾曬,以製造薄而強韌的材料,提供書寫、書籍裝訂或其他用途。較優質的小牛羊皮紙稱為「犢皮紙」,羊皮紙與犢皮紙兩詞到現在仍有被混淆以及交替使用的情況。 
Dutch ..... Doorzichtig of ondoorzichtig materiaal dat van het vel van een kalf, schaap of geit wordt gemaakt. Het vel wordt gekalkt, onthaard, afgeschraapt en onder spanning gedroogd zodat een dun, sterk materiaal ontstaat om op te schrijven, boeken mee te binden of voor andere doeleinden. Gebruik 'velijn' voor kalfsperkament van een betere kwaliteit. De benamingen perkament en velijn werden en worden nog steeds met elkaar verward en door elkaar gebruikt. 
Spanish ..... Material translúcido u opaco fabricado con piel de becerro, cordero o cabra que ha sido limado, depilado, desgastado y secado bajo tensión para producir un material fino y firme para escritura, encuadernación y otros usos. Para un pergamino de becerro de mejor calidad, use "vitela." Los términos pergemino y vitela han sido y son a veces confundidos y se usan indistintamente. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  skin (collagenous material)
..................................  (collagenous material, animal material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011840]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  vellum (parchment)
..................................................  (parchment (animal material), processed animal material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011852]

Sources and Contributors:
羊皮紙............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 September 7, 2010
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 September 7, 2010
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 September 7, 2010
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 327
牛羊皮紙............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9, 187
parchemin............  [VP]
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
parchment (animal material)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AATA database (2002-) 127048 checked 26 January 2012
...............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...............................................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
...............................................  Leather Conservation News (1983-)
...............................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 282
...............................................  Museum Prototype Project, Medium of Objects Frequency Report (1985)
...............................................  Plenderleith, Conservation of Antiquities (1956) 47
...............................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
...............................................  Roberts and Etherington, Bookbinding and Conservation (1982)
...............................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
parchments (animal material)............  [VP]
...............................................  Detroit Art Registration and Information System Glossary (1980)
pergamena (animal material)............  [VP]
...............................................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
Pergament............  [VP]
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
pergament............  [VP]
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
pergamino (material animal)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
...............................................  Diccionario de términos científicos y técnicos (1981) 2615
...............................................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
...............................................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 641
perkament............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
....................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
yang p'i chih............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica
yáng pí zhǐ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica
yang pi zhi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 127048 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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