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ID: 300011826
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300011826

 

Record Type: concept
horn (animal material) (keratinous material, animal material, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Material comprising horns, the hard, semitranslucent, proteinaceous structures that grow from the head of some mammals, such as cattle, sheep, goats, and antelope. Horn, like nails, claws, and hooves, is composed of epidermal cells known as keratin. Rhinoceros horns are formed from matted hair. The colours of horn range from a light cream to black. Horn can be cut, engraved, or carved, and has been used since ancient times for tools and ornamentation. The thermoplastic material is softened with steam or boiling water then pressed into numerous shapes. In the 18th century, London was the center of the horn molding industry, primarily making snuff boxes and decorative containers. Distinguished from "antler (material)," which is the fast-growing bone of deer.
 
Terms:
horn (animal material) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
角 (動物材料) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
jiǎo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
jiao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chiao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
hoorn (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
corne (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
Horn (tierisches Material) (C,U,German-P,D,B)
cuerno (material de queratina) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by origin>
............ <materials by origin> (G)
Hierarchy of biological material
................ biological material (G)
Hierarchy of animal material
.................... animal material (G)
Hierarchy of keratinous material
........................ keratinous material (G)
Hierarchy of horn (animal material)
............................ horn (animal material) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 皮膚或毛髮特化而成的衍生物,通常成對存在,突出於頭顱兩側的額骨,為角蛋白成分的不脫落角質層。與「叉角」(antler)不同,叉角是骨頭特化而成。 
Dutch ..... Uitgroei van aangepaste huid of zeer compact haar, vaak in paren die uitsteken vanaf de voorhoofdsbotten aan beide zijdes van de schedel en bestaan uit een permanente opperhuid van keratine. Te onderscheiden van 'gewei', dat bestaat uit aangepast been. 
German ..... Auswuchs aus veränderter Haut oder Haarsträngen, häufig paarweise auftretend und auf dem frontalen Knochen auf jeder Seite des Schädels austertend, die aus einer jahreszeitunäbhängigen Cuticula aus Keratin besteht, wird vom "Geweih", einem veränderten Knochen, unterschieden. 
Spanish ..... Excrecencia de piel modificada o de pelo compacto que se presenta habitualmente en pares y se proyectan desde los huesos frontales o a ambos lados del cráneo, formada por una cutícula no caediza compuesta de queratina. Distinguir de "asta", que es un hueso modificado. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  antler (material)
..................................  (<bone by form as material>, bone (material), ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011796]
material for ....  horns (animal components)
......................  (animal components, biological components, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300400473]
used by ....  horn workers
............  (<people in crafts and trades by material>, <people in crafts and trades>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300025287]

Sources and Contributors:
角 (動物材料)............  [AS, formerly TELDAP Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 August 14, 2010
.................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 September 6, 2011
.................  故宮後設資料需求規格書 19
.................  智慧藏百科全書網 September 6, 2011
.................  朗文當代大辭典 847
.................  脊椎動物學(上) 9
chiao............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
..............  TELDAP database (2009-)
corne............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
..............  CHIN database (1988-)
cuerno (material de queratina)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.....................................................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:834
hoorn............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
horn (animal material)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.........................................  AATA database (2002-) 124737 checked 26 January 2012
.........................................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1986)
.........................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.........................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Horn (tierisches Material)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
...............................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Horn
...............................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4160661-9
...............................................  Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon (1905-1909) [online] http://www.zeno.org/nid/2000679114X
jiao............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
jiǎo............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS, formerly TELDAP, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 124737 checked 26 January 2012
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) horns
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  MacGregor, Bone, Antler, Ivory, and Horn (1985) horns
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) horns
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS, formerly TELDAP]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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