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ID: 300011798

 

Record Type: concept
bone (material) (<bone and bone components materials>, combination inorganic/organic animal material, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: The rigid, calcareous material that is white in color and forms the skeleton of vertebrates; primarily composed of calcium hydroxyapatite with smaller amounts of calcium carbonate, calcium fluoride, magnesium phosphate, and ossein, a high molecular weight protein. Bones have a concentric structure with central lymphatic canals surrounded by a spongy lamellar region protected by a dense outer cortex. Bone has been carved and used since ancient times for many purposes, including fish-hooks, spear heads, needles, handles, and art objects. Bones were also burnt to produce bone black and boiled to produce bone glue. Bone can be distinguished from ivory by being generally whiter, more porous, and less dense.
 
Terms:
bone (material) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
bones (material) (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
骨頭 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
骨骼 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
gǔ tóu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
gu tou (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ku t'ou (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
been (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
os (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
osso (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,U,N)
osso (Italian-P,D,U,N)
hueso (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,N)
Knochen (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of combination inorganic/organic material
................ combination inorganic/organic material (G)
Hierarchy of combination inorganic/organic animal material
.................... combination inorganic/organic animal material (G)
Hierarchy of <bone and bone components materials>
........................ <bone and bone components materials> (G)
Hierarchy of bone (material)
............................ bone (material) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種有機及∕或無機材料之結合,主要含有膠原蛋白和磷酸鈣,構成大部份脊椎動物的骨骼。 
Dutch ..... Een combinatie van organisch en/of anorganisch materiaal die hoofdzakelijk bestaat uit collageen en calciumfosfaat; het vormt het geraamte van de meeste gewervelde dieren. 
Spanish ..... Combinación de materiales orgánicos y/o inorgánicos compuesta fundamentalmente de colágeno y fosfato de calcio, que componen el esqueleto de la mayoría de los vertebrados. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  collagen
..................................  (protein, organic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300192948]
distinguished from ....  ivory (material)
..................................  (dentin (material), <tooth components as material>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011857]
material for ....  skeletons (animal components)
......................  (<skeletons and skeleton components>, animal components, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300191778]

Sources and Contributors:
been............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...........  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
bone (material)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 121145 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT) - subhead.
.............................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 100
.............................  Candidate term Candidate term - UWO - 10/11/92.
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  Jewett, Glossary for Recording the Condition of an Artifact (1980s)
.............................  MacGregor, Bone, Antler, Ivory, and Horn (1985) 2
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-) P
.............................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
.............................  Plenderleith, Conservation of Antiquities (1956)
.............................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.............................  Rose and von Endt, Protein Chemistry (1984)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
bones (material)............  [VP]
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
gǔ tóu............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
gu tou............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
hueso............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred, VP]
..............  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:1512
Knochen............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
ku t'ou............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
os............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
...........  CHIN database (1988-)
osso............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
...........  ICCD database (1988-)
...........  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
骨頭............  [TELDAP-now AS Preferred]
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 179
...........  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 p. 192
...........  牛津當代大辭典 p. 176
骨............  [TELDAP-now AS]
........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網 August 25, 2011
........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 25, 2011
........  故宮後設資料需求規格書 p. 19
........  智慧藏百科全書網 August 25, 2011
........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 179
骨骼............  [TELDAP-now AS]
...........  基礎生命科學 p. 474
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, ICCD, RKD, AAT-Ned, TELDAP-now AS, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121145 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [TELDAP-now AS]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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