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ID: 300011665
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300011665

 

Record Type: concept
soapstone (metamorphic rock) (metamorphic rock, rock (inorganic material), ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A very soft rock composed primarily of hydrated magnesium silicate. It is easily cut and has been used for carvings since ancient times. It is usually a white, grayish green, brown or in rare cases, red or black. The stones were carved for bowls, boxes, and small objects such as figurines, beads, seals, amulets, and scarabs. In modern construction, it is used for laboratory sinks, bench tops, and electrical panels. Native soapstone is so soft it can be scratched with a fingernail, but baking results in dehydration and hardening of the stone. Some ancient soapstone carvings were glazed then fired, which produced the mineral enstatite, hard enough to scratch glass.
 
Terms:
soapstone (metamorphic rock) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
soap stone (metamorphic rock) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
soap-stone (metamorphic rock) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
steatite (soapstone) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
steatite (soapstone) (Italian-P,D,U,U)
soap rock (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
pietra saponaria (C,U,Italian,UF,U,N)
皂石 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
zào shí (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
zao shi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
tsao shih (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
zeepsteen (metamorf gesteente) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
steatiet (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
speksteen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
stéatite (roche métamorphique) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
pierre de savon (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
pierre savonneuse (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
saponite (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
saponita (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
esteatita (mineral) (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of rock (inorganic material)
.................... rock (inorganic material) (G)
Hierarchy of metamorphic rock
........................ metamorphic rock (G)
Hierarchy of soapstone (metamorphic rock)
............................ soapstone (metamorphic rock) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of mineral
.................... mineral (G)
Hierarchy of talc (mineral)
........................ talc (mineral) (G)
Hierarchy of soapstone (metamorphic rock)
............................ soapstone (metamorphic rock) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 主要結構為滑石的大型質軟岩石,含有滑石中密度較高的塊滑石及其它礦物。用來建造實驗室水槽、工作檯檯面、配電板、藝術雕刻。 
Dutch ..... Een zeer zachte steen die voornamelijk uit gehydrateerd magnesium silicaat bestaat. Het is gemakkelijk te bewerken en wordt al sinds de oudheid voor reliëfs gebruikt. Het is meestal wit, grijsachtig groen, bruin of in zeldzame gevallen, rood of zwart. De stenen werden gesneden voor kommen, dozen en kleine objecten zoals beeldjes, kralen, zegels, amuletten en scarabeeën. In de moderne constructie wordt het gebruikt voor laboratoriumgootstenen, aanrechtbladen, en elektrische panelen. Inheemse speksteen is zo zacht dat het kan worden bekrast met een vingernagel, maar verhitten resulteert in uitdroging en verharding van de steen. Sommige oude speksteen gravures werden vervolgens geglazuurd en daarna verhit, waarbij het mineraal enstatiet ontstaat, wat hard genoeg is om glass te krassen. 
Spanish ..... Roca masiva y blanda que contiene alta proporción de talco. Se utiliza en construcción de fregaderos de laboratorio, asientos de bancos y paneles eléctricos y también la usan los artistas para tallados. Variedad masiva de talco. Habitualmente de color gris o verde grisáceo, blando y jabonoso al tacto. 

Sources and Contributors:
皂石............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網 January 28, 2010
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9,pp. 191
...........  寶石學 p. 216
...........  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 p. 1535
...........  牛津當代大辭典 p. 1755
...........  玻璃陶瓷名詞辭典 p. 289
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 424
esteatita (mineral)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
...................................  Whitten y Brooks, Diccionario de geología (1986) 105
...................................  Wyllie y Argall, World Mining Glossary of Mining, Processing, and Geological Terms 204
pierre de savon............  [CHIN / RCIP]
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
pierre savonneuse............  [VP]
................................  Harrap's Standard French and English Dictionary (1986)
pietra saponaria............  [VP]
.............................  Tiano, Stress superficiali indotti dalla lavorazione dei materiali lapidei (2005)
saponita............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Diccionario de términos científicos y técnicos (1981) 5:2733
.................  Wyllie y Argall, World Mining Glossary of Mining, Processing, and Geological Terms 204
saponite............  [VP]
.................  Harrap's Standard French and English Dictionary (1986)
soap rock............  [VP]
....................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
soapstone (metamorphic rock)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AATA database (2002-) 128948 checked 26 January 2012
...............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...............................................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) 453
...............................................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
...............................................  Phillimore, Glossary of Terms Useful in Conservation (1976)
...............................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
...............................................  Spence, Talc and Soapstone in Canada (1922) 47
soap-stone (metamorphic rock)............  [VP]
..................................................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
soap stone (metamorphic rock)............  [VP]
..................................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
speksteen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
steatiet............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
steatite (soapstone)............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
...................................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 719
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...................................  Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984)
...................................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) 472
...................................  ICCD database (1988-)
...................................  Mitchell, Dictionary of Rocks (1985) 190
...................................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
...................................  Phillimore, Glossary of Terms Useful in Conservation (1976)
...................................  Spence, Talc and Soapstone in Canada (1922) 47
...................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
stéatite (roche métamorphique)............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.....................................................  CHIN database (1988-)
tsao shih............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
zao shi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
zào shí............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
zeepsteen (metamorf gesteente)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.....................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.....................................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, ICCD, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 128948 checked 26 January 2012
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Talc
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 11 January 2007
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.......... Phillimore, Glossary of Terms Useful in Conservation (1976)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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