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ID: 300011120
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300011120

 

Record Type: concept
nephrite (tremolite, mineral, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: An exceptionally tough, compact, fine-grained greenish or bluish mixture of actinolite and tremolite; it is a calcium magnesium silicate with traces of chromium and nickel, which produce its color. With jadeite, it is one of two minerals commonly called "jade." Nephrite has an oily, lustrous appearance when polished and is sometimes variegated in color that can incorporate white, yellow, brown, gray, and black. Nephrite has been used since Neolithic times for small utensils, decorative carvings and jewelry. If heated to about 1025 C, nephrite changes mineral forms to diopside.
 
Terms:
nephrite (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
kidney stone (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
軟玉 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
閃玉 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
角閃玉 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
ruǎn yù (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ruan yu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
juan yü (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
nefriet (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
nefrite (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,U)
néphrite (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
nefrita (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
Ca2(MgFe)5Si8O22(OH)2 (C,U,FO,not applicable,UF,U,U)
ネフライト (C,U,Japanese,UF,U,U)
Νεφρίτης (C,U,Greek,UF,U,U)
נפריט (C,U,Hebrew,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of mineral
.................... mineral (G)
Hierarchy of tremolite
........................ tremolite (G)
Hierarchy of nephrite
............................ nephrite (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of rock (inorganic material)
.................... rock (inorganic material) (G)
Hierarchy of <rock by form>
........................ <rock by form> (G)
Hierarchy of stone (worked rock)
............................ stone (worked rock) (G)
Hierarchy of <stone by quality>
................................ <stone by quality> (G)
Hierarchy of gemstone
.................................... gemstone (G)
Hierarchy of <gemstones by specific type>
........................................ <gemstones by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of nephrite
............................................ nephrite (G)
 
Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of rock (inorganic material)
.................... rock (inorganic material) (G)
Hierarchy of metamorphic rock
........................ metamorphic rock (G)
Hierarchy of jade (rock)
............................ jade (rock) (G)
Hierarchy of nephrite
................................ nephrite (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種異常堅韌、質地緊密的陽起石與透閃石混合物,具細密紋理,泛綠或藍色。是一種鈣鎂矽酸鹽類,其中所含微量鉻與鎳為其呈色來源。軟玉與硬玉這兩種礦物通常被統稱為「玉」。軟玉在琢磨過後,呈現油狀具光澤的外觀,有時摻雜多種色彩,如白色、黃色、棕色、灰色和黑色。軟玉從新石器時代就被用來製作小型器皿、裝飾性雕刻以及首飾。在加熱至攝氏1025度時,軟玉的礦物形式會轉變成透輝石。 
Dutch ..... Een bijzonder sterk, compact, fijnkorrelig groenig of blauwig tremoliet of actinoliet; vormt de minder zeldzame soort jade. 
Spanish ..... Tremolita o actinolita excepcionalmente dura, compacta, de finos granos verdosos o azulados, que constituyen el tipo de jade menos escaso. 

Related concepts:
constituent of ....  greenstone (rock)
..........................  (<igneous rock by composition: physical>, <igneous rock by composition>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300386691]
constituent of ....  inanga (stone)
..........................  (pounamu, mineral, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300379292]
constituent of ....  kawakawa (stone)
..........................  (pounamu, mineral, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300379307]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  jade (rock)
..................................................  (metamorphic rock, rock (inorganic material), ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011119]

Sources and Contributors:
軟玉............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  化學名詞辭典 140
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 August 24, 2012
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 24, 2012
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9, 185
...........  寶石圖鑑 161
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 August 24, 2012
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 302
閃玉............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 August 24, 2012
...........  寶石學 212
角閃玉............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  故宮後設資料需求規格書 19
ネフライト............  [VP]
..............  Science.gov online (2014-)
נפריט............  [VP]
..............  American Heritage Science Dictionary [online] (2005)
Νεφρίτης............  [VP]
.................  American Heritage Science Dictionary [online] (2005)
Ca2(MgFe)5Si8O22(OH)2............  [VP]
......................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) http://cameo.mfa.org/wiki/Nephrite
juan yü............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
kidney stone............  [VP]
.......................  Mitchell, Dictionary of Rocks (1985)
nefriet............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
nefrita............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Diccionario de términos científicos y técnicos (1981) 5:2581
nefrite............  [ICCD, VP]
.................  ICCD database (1988-)
nephrite............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 126591 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 64
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984)
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) http://cameo.mfa.org/wiki/Nephrite
.................  Mitchell, Dictionary of Rocks (1985)
.................  Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Jewelry (1981)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
néphrite............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.................  CHIN database (1988-)
ruan yu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
ruǎn yù............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 126591 checked 26 January 2012
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Jade
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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