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ID: 300011119
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300011119

 

Record Type: concept
jade (rock) (metamorphic rock, rock (inorganic material), ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: General term for several varieties of hard and soft, fine-grained rock composed of jadeite, nephrite, serpentine, or other mineralogically related materials; usually having a color ranging from dark green to green-white. Jade takes a high polish and has been used since prehistoric times for jewelry, small utensils, carvings, vases, and other ornamental objects. Some processing techniques have been used to enhance the color of inferior stones: B-jade has been bleached to remove brown stains, while C-jade has been impregnated with resins to increase its translucency; A-jade is untreated.
 
Terms:
jade (rock) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
jade (rock) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
jade (pierre) (French-P,D,U,N)
jade (piedra) (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
jadestone (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
jade-stone (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
yu (metamorphic rock) (C,U,Chinese (transliterated),UF,U,N)
giada (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,U)
chalchihuitl (C,U,Nahuatl-P,D,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of rock (inorganic material)
.................... rock (inorganic material) (G)
Hierarchy of metamorphic rock
........................ metamorphic rock (G)
Hierarchy of jade (rock)
............................ jade (rock) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of mineral
.................... mineral (G)
Hierarchy of jade (rock)
........................ jade (rock) (G)
 
Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of rock (inorganic material)
.................... rock (inorganic material) (G)
Hierarchy of <rock by form>
........................ <rock by form> (G)
Hierarchy of stone (worked rock)
............................ stone (worked rock) (G)
Hierarchy of <stone by quality>
................................ <stone by quality> (G)
Hierarchy of gemstone
.................................... gemstone (G)
Hierarchy of <gemstones by specific type>
........................................ <gemstones by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of jade (rock)
............................................ jade (rock) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Een hard, fijnkorrelig gesteente samengesteld uit jadeiet of nefriet waarvan de kleur gewoonlijk varieert van donkergroen tot groenwit. Het heeft een hoge glans en wordt al heel lang gebruikt voor juwelen en siervoorwerpen. 
Spanish ..... Roca dura de grano fino compuesta de jadeíta o de nefrita y habitualmente de color entre verde oscuro y blanco verdoso. Puede alcanzar un pulido extremo y ha sido utilizada durante mucho tiempo en joyería y objetos ornamentales. 

Related concepts:
material for ....  jades (objects)
......................  (<sculpture by material>, sculpture (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300184767]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  jadeite
..................................................  (mineral, inorganic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011121]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  nephrite
..................................................  (tremolite, mineral, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300011120]

Sources and Contributors:
chalchihuitl............  [VP, VP-intern Preferred]
.......................  Getty Research Institute [online] (1997-) A.Caplan
.......................  Klein, Teocuitlatl, ‘Divine Excrement’, Art Journal (1993)
.......................  Lange, Precolumbian Jade: New Geological and Cultural Interpretations (1993)
.......................  Nuttall, Chalchihuitl in Ancient Mexico, American Anthropologist (1901)
.......................  Thouvenot, Chalchihuitl: Le jade chez les Aztèques (1982)
giada............  [ICCD Preferred]
..............  ICCD database (1988-)
jade (rock)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 125217 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 64
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  CHIN database (1988-)
.......................  Diccionario de la Real Academia Española. Biblioteca de Consulta 2003 (2003)
.......................  Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984)
.......................  Grove Art Online (2008-) So, Jenny F., "Jade carving," accessed 17 August 2012
.......................  Mitchell, Dictionary of Rocks (1985)
.......................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.......................  Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Jewelry (1981)
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
.......................  Whitten y Brooks, Diccionario de geología (1986) 155
.......................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
jadestone............  [VP]
....................  Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984)
jade-stone............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
yu (metamorphic rock)............  [VP]
......................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Chinese jade," accessed 17 August 2012
......................................  Grove Art Online (2008-) So, Jenny F., "Jade carving," accessed 17 August 2012
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, ICCD, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 125217 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-) So, Jenny F., "Jade carving," accessed 17 August 2012
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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