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ID: 300011101
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300011101

 

Record Type: concept
alabaster (mineral) (gypsum, mineral, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Fine-grained marblelike variety of gypsum that is easy to carve but is rather fragile; it has been used as a sculpture material, ornamental building work, vases, small decorative carvings, and powdered for use as a paper filler and paint pigment called mineral white or terra alba. Alabaster is usually a translucent white or pink but may also be a muted red, yellow or gray. It is soft and can be scratched slightly with a fingernail. It also dissolves slowly in wet environments.
 
Terms:
alabaster (mineral) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
雪花石膏 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
xuě huā shí gāo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
xue hua shi gao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hsüeh hua shih kao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
albast (mineraal) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
gipsmarmer (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
albâtre (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
Alabaster (mineral) (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
alabastro (mineral) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,N)
alabastro (mineral) (Italian-P,D,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of mineral
.................... mineral (G)
Hierarchy of gypsum
........................ gypsum (G)
Hierarchy of alabaster (mineral)
............................ alabaster (mineral) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種細粒、似大理石的石膏,雖易於雕刻,卻較為脆弱。一向用於雕刻材料、裝飾性建築、花瓶、小型裝飾雕刻,磨成粉末後可做為紙張填充料及油漆顏料,稱為礦物白或白土(terra alba)。雪花石膏通常呈半透明白色或粉紅色,或柔和的紅、黃或灰色。質軟而可被指甲輕微刮劃。在潮濕的環境中,也會慢慢溶解。 
Dutch ..... Fijnkorrelige, marmerachtige variant van gips. De term wordt soms gebruikt voor calciumcarbonaat als het gaat om oude Egyptische artefacten. Albast is eenvoudig te bewerken en daarmee vrij broos. Het wordt al sinds de oudheid gebruikt als beeldhouwmateriaal. 
Spanish ..... Variedad de yeso de grano fino que asemeja mármol. En relación con artefactos egipcios antiguos, el término se utiliza para designar a veces el carbonato de calcio.  

Sources and Contributors:
雪花石膏............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  世界藝術史 p. 888
...........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網 January 8, 2010
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 September 22, 2011
...........  寶石圖鑑 p. 159
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 September 22, 2011
...........  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 p. 40
...........  牛津當代大辭典 p. 36
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 15
alabaster (mineral)............  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 120278 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  Avery Index (1963-)
...................................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977)
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...................................  Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984)
...................................  Fleming and Honour, Penguin Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1989) 18
...................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
...................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
...................................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
...................................  Verlet, 18th Century in France (1967)
...................................  Watson, History of Furniture (1976)
Alabaster (mineral)............  [VP]
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
alabastro (mineral)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, ICCD Preferred, VP]
...................................  Diccionario de la Real Academia Española (2003)
...................................  Diccionario de la Real Academia Española. Biblioteca de Consulta 2003 (2003)
...................................  ICCD database (1988-)
...................................  Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 24
...................................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
albast (mineraal)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
................................  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
albâtre............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
gipsmarmer............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
hsüeh hua shih kao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
xue hua shi gao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
xuě huā shí gāo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, ICCD, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 120278 checked 26 January 2012
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977)
.......... Fleming and Honour, Penguin Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1989) 18
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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