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ID: 300011099

 

Record Type: concept
gypsum (mineral, inorganic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Naturally occurring soft white mineral that is commonly used as a retarding agent in portland cement, as a core in sheets of wallboard, as a white pigment, in grounds for paintings, and is the main component of alabaster.
 
Terms:
gypsum (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
terra alba (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
calcium sulfate dihydrate (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
mineral white (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
gips (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
gypse (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
yeso (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of mineral
.................... mineral (G)
Hierarchy of gypsum
........................ gypsum (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Een in de natuur voorkomend zacht, wit mineraal dat veel wordt gebruikt als een vertragend middel in portlandcement, als kern in bouwplaten, in wit pigment, in ondergronden voor schilderijen; het is ook het belangrijkste bestanddeel van albast. 
Spanish ..... Mineral blanco blando que existe en la naturaleza y es utilizado comúnmente como agente de retardo en el cemento portland, como centro en láminas de planchas de muro, como pigmento blanco, molido en pintura y como principal componente del alabastro. 

Related concepts:
derived/made from ....  anhydrite
................................  (mineral, inorganic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300380482]

Sources and Contributors:
calcium sulfate dihydrate............  [VP]
............................................  Personal Communication Elisabeth West FitzHugh, Conservation scientist, ret., December 1991.
gips............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...........  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
gypse............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
..............  CHIN database (1988-)
gypsum............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 124461 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT)
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984)
.................  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966)
.................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
.................  Museum Prototype Project, Medium of Objects Frequency Report (1985)
.................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.................  Personal Communication George Wheeler, Objects Conservator, Metropolitan Museum of Art, August 1991.
.................  Putnam and Carlson, Architectural and Building Trades Dictionary (1974)
.................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
.................  Smit, Means Illustrated Construction Dictionary (1985)
.................  Watson, History of Furniture (1976)
mineral white............  [VP]
..........................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
terra alba............  [VP]
.......................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
yeso............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
...........  Diccionario de la Real Academia Española. Biblioteca de Consulta 2003 (2003)
...........  Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 216
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 124461 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Plaster
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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