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ID: 300011004
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300011004

 

Record Type: concept
cast iron (iron alloy, <iron and iron alloy>, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: An iron alloy containing about 2 to 4% carbon and 1 to 3% silicon, having a high compressive strength but low tensile strength. Cast iron is manufactured by melting scrap iron or pig iron in a cupola that is in contact with the coal fuel, then casting the molten iron into a mold. A large range of building and decorative items are made of cast iron by pouring the molten metal into sand molds and then machining. It is inexpensive and easy to make. It was made in China by at least the 3rd century BCE; the technique for its production did not reach Europe until medieval times.
 
Terms:
cast iron (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
cast-iron (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
鑄鐵 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
zhù tiě (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
zhu tie (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chu t'ieh (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
gietijzer (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
fonte (cast iron) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
hierro fundido (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
hierro colado (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of metal
.................... metal (G)
Hierarchy of <metal by composition or origin>
........................ <metal by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of <iron and iron alloy>
............................ <iron and iron alloy> (G)
Hierarchy of iron alloy
................................ iron alloy (G)
Hierarchy of cast iron
.................................... cast iron (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種鐵合金,含有2%到4%的碳及1%到3%的二氧化矽,抗壓強度高,不過拉伸強度卻很低。接觸煤燃料之熔鐵爐熔化廢鐵或生鐵,之後將熔融鐵注入鑄模而製成鑄鐵。大規模建築物與裝飾物品都以鑄鐵製成,製成方式將熔融金屬注入沙模後再以機器加工,製造過程便宜且容易。最晚西元前三世紀中國就可製造這種鐵製品,不過該技術一直到中世紀才傳至歐洲。 
Dutch ..... Een ijzerlegering die koolstof en silicium bevat, met een hoge compressiesterkte maar een lage treksterkte. Er worden zeer veel verschillende objecten van gietijzer gemaakt door het gesmolten metaal in zandvormen te gieten en vervolgens machinaal verder te verwerken. De objecten worden gebruikt in de bouw en als decoratieve en gebruiksvoorwerpen. 
Spanish ..... Aleación de hierro que incluye característicamente carbón y silicio, con gran resistencia a la compresión, pero baja resistencia a la tensión. Una amplia gama de construcciones y elementos decorativos son fabricados con hierro fundido, al vaciar el metal fundido en moldes de arena y después mecanizarlos. 

Related concepts:
composed of ....  manganese sulfide
....................  (compounds (materials), <materials by chemical form>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300386797]

Sources and Contributors:
鑄鐵............  [AS, formerly TELDAP Preferred]
...........  化學名詞辭典 p. 34
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 September 19, 2011
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 September 19, 2011
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 September 19, 2011
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 257
cast iron............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
....................  AATA database (2002-) 121602 checked 26 January 2012
....................  Andrews, Living Materials (1983) 174
....................  Avery Index (1963-)
....................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 147
....................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) 89
....................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
....................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
....................  Smit, Means Illustrated Construction Dictionary (1985)
cast-iron............  [VP]
....................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
....................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
....................  ROOT Thesaurus (1981)
chu t'ieh............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
fonte (cast iron)............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
................................  CHIN database (1988-)
gietijzer............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
hierro colado............  [CDBP-SNPC]
..........................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 208
hierro fundido............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.............................  Diccionario de términos científicos y técnicos (1981)
.............................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:42
zhu tie............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
zhù tiě............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS, formerly TELDAP, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121602 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Ironicast
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 6 January 2008
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS, formerly TELDAP]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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