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ID: 300010669
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300010669

 

Record Type: concept
terracotta (clay material) (<clay by product>, clay, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A baked or semi-fired material that is usually a mixture of clay, grog, and water; it has been used for pottery, statuettes, lamps, roof tiles, and cornices since ancient times. It may be glazed prior to firing. To produce an item, terracotta is molded or shaped, dried for several days then fired to at least 600 C. It is fireproof, lighter in weight than stone, and usually brownish red in color.
 
Terms:
terracotta (clay material) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)  ............ from the Italian term for "fired earth"
terracotta (clay material) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
terracotta (argilla) (Italian-P,D,U,N)
terra cotta (clay material) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
terra-cotta (clay material) (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
赤陶 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
赤陶土 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
chì táo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
chi tao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ch'ih t'ao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
terracota (clay material) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of clay
.................... clay (G)
Hierarchy of <clay by product>
........................ <clay by product> (G)
Hierarchy of terracotta (clay material)
............................ terracotta (clay material) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 烘烤或燒過的黏土,通常呈紅褐色,自遠古便廣泛用於製造陶器、雕像和屋瓦。 
Dutch ..... Gebakken of in vuur gedroogde klei, normaal bruinachtig rood van kleur en sinds de oudheid vaak gebruikt voor pottenbakken, kleine beeldhouwwerken en dakpannen. 
Spanish ..... Arcilla horneada o cocida, habitualmente de color rojo marrón, utilizada ampliamente desde los tiempos más antiguos para realizar piezas de alfarería, pequeñas esculturas y tejas para techumbres. 

Related concepts:
material for ....  terracottas (sculptural works)
......................  (<sculpture by material>, sculpture (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300047296]

Sources and Contributors:
赤陶............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9,pp. 192
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 452
赤陶土............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
ch'ih t'ao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
chi tao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
chì táo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
terracota (clay material)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
............................................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 51
............................................  Lucie-Smith, Diccionario de Términos de Arte (1997) 189
............................................  Putnam y Carlson, Diccionario de Arquitectura, Construcción y Obras Públicas (1998) 396
............................................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
terracotta (clay material)............  [ICCD Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...............................................  Avery Index (1963-)
...............................................  Dinsmoor, Architecture of Ancient Greece (1975)
...............................................  Fleming et al., Penguin Dictionary of Architecture (1981)
...............................................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
...............................................  ICCD database (1988-)
...............................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) baked or fired clay, usually brownish red
...............................................  Oxford Companion to Western Art [online] (2008-)
...............................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
...............................................  Savage and Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Ceramics (1974)
...............................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
...............................................  Whitehouse, Facts on File Dictionary of Archaeology (1983)
terra cotta (clay material)............  [VP]
...............................................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
...............................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
terra-cotta (clay material)............  [VP]
...............................................  Andrews, Living Materials (1983) 12
...............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...............................................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) 498
...............................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, ICCD, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Terraroli, Italian Art Ceramics: 1900-1950 (2007) 231
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 2 January 2008
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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