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ID: 300010663
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300010663

 

Record Type: concept
hard paste porcelain (material) (porcelain (material), ceramic (material), ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Type of porcelain material comprising white china clay, or "kaolin," and "petuntse," which is a naturally fusible feldspathic rock. It is "hard fired" at the relatively high temperature of around 1450 degrees centigrade. It was developed first in China and produced in Europe after 1700.
 
Terms:
hard paste porcelain (material) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
hard-paste porcelain (material) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
hardpaste (porcelain) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
pâte dure (material) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
pâte dure (matière) (French,D,U,U)
porcelaine à pâte dure (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
true porcelain (material) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
porcelaine royale (material) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
porcelain, hard paste (material) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
硬陶瓷器 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
硬質瓷 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
硬陶土 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
yìng táo cí qì (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ying tao ci qi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ying t'ao tz'u ch'i (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
hard porselein (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
porcelana de pasta dura (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of clay
.................... clay (G)
Hierarchy of <clay by product>
........................ <clay by product> (G)
Hierarchy of <ceramic and ceramic by product>
............................ <ceramic and ceramic by product> (G)
Hierarchy of ceramic (material)
................................ ceramic (material) (G)
Hierarchy of porcelain (material)
.................................... porcelain (material) (G)
Hierarchy of hard paste porcelain (material)
........................................ hard paste porcelain (material) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指一種由白色瓷土(或稱「高嶺土」)和一種天然易熔的長石岩「瓷石(petuntse)」所製成的瓷。硬質瓷以攝氏約為1450度的相對高溫「硬燒(hard fired)」而成。首見於中國,自西元1700年後才在歐洲製造。  
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar een porseleinsoort die is gemaakt van witte porseleinaarde, of 'kaolien' en 'petuntse', een natuurlijk smeltbaar veldspaathoudend gesteente. Het wordt 'hardgebakken' op een relatief hoge temperatuur van ongeveer 1450 graden Celsius. Het werd voor het eerst gemaakt in China en na 1700 in Europa geproduceerd. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a un tipo de porcelana hecha de arcilla blanca de China, o "caolín," y el "petuntse” como se le llama a la piedra de China la cual es naturalmente una roca de tipo feldespático. Son cocidas a temperaturas relativamente altas, alrededor de los 1450 grados centígrados." Fue descubierta primero en China y posteriormente producida en Europa después del 1700. 

Sources and Contributors:
硬陶瓷器............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 213
硬質瓷............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
硬陶土............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 213
hardpaste (porcelain)............  [VP]
......................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
hard paste porcelain (material)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.....................................................  AATA database (2002-) 124533 checked 26 January 2012
.....................................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
.....................................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.....................................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
hard-paste porcelain (material)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Savage and Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Ceramics (1989) 146
hard porselein............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
pâte dure (material)............  [VP]
...................................  CHIN database (1988-)
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
...................................  Savage and Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Ceramics (1989) 299
porcelaine à pâte dure............  [VP]
.........................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
porcelaine royale (material)............  [VP]
...............................................  Savage and Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Ceramics (1989)
porcelain, hard paste (material)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
porcelana de pasta dura............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.........................................  Diccionario de términos científicos y técnicos (1981)
.........................................  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987) 660
true porcelain (material)............  [VP]
............................................  Savage and Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Ceramics (1989)
ying tao ci qi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
yìng táo cí qì............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
ying t'ao tz'u ch'i............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 124533 checked 26 January 2012
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) Porcelain
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts (1985)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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