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ID: 300010439

 

Record Type: concept
clay (inorganic material, <materials by composition>, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Naturally occurring sediments that are produced by chemical actions resulting during the weathering of rocks. It is often the term applied to all earths that form a paste with water and harden when heated.
 
Terms:
clay (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
clays (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
clay, native (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
native clay (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
黏土 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
nián tǔ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
nian tu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
nien t'u (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
klei (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
argile (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
argiles (C,U,French,AD,U,N)
arcilla (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
arcillas (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of clay
.................... clay (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 由岩石風化過程的化學作用所產生的天然沈積物,本詞彙常適用於所有加水會成為糊狀物且加熱會硬化的泥土。 
Dutch ..... Een aarden materiaal waarvan waterhoudend aluminiumsilicaat het belangrijkste bestanddeel is. Het wordt kneedbaar als het nat is en permanent gehard nadat het is gebakken. 
Spanish ..... Sedimentos que se encuentran en la naturaleza producida por acción química durante la intemperización de las rocas; a menudo se aplica el término a todo tipo de tierra que forma una pasta con agua y que se endurece al calentarla. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  modeling clay
..................................  (modeling material, <materials by function>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300266341]
used with ....  temper
................  (additive (material), <materials by function>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300263361]

Sources and Contributors:
黏土............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  中央研究院中英雙語知識本體詞網 October 31, 2012
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 July 17, 2009
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9,pp. 175
...........  岩石與礦物圖鑑 233
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 October 31, 2012
...........  朗文當代大辭典 307
...........  牛津當代大辭典 316
arcilla............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
.................  Mayer, Materiales y técnicas del arte, 1985 550
arcillas............  [CDBP-DIBAM, VP]
.................  TAA database (2000-)
argile............  [CHIN Preferred]
.................  CHIN database (1988-)
argiles............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
clay............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...........  AATA database (2002-) 121940 checked 26 January 2012
...........  Andrews, Living Materials (1983) 9
...........  Avery Index (1963-) source AAT
...........  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 188
...........  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1986) 196
...........  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...........  Ketchum, Pottery and Porcelain (1983) GLOS
...........  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
...........  Museum Prototype Project, Medium of Objects Frequency Report (1985)
...........  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
...........  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
...........  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
...........  Savage and Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Ceramics (1989) 78
...........  Terraroli, Italian Art Ceramics: 1900-1950 (2007) 229
clay, native............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
clays............  [VP]
..............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
klei............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
native clay............  [VP]
.......................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 188
nian tu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica
nián tǔ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica
nien t'u............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 121940 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Terraroli, Italian Art Ceramics: 1900-1950 (2007) 229
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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