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ID: 300007466
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300007466

 

Record Type: concept
churches (buildings) (religious buildings, religious structures, ... Built Environment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Buildings for public Christian worship that are distinguished historically from chapels and oratories, which are buildings that are in some respect private, or not public in the widest sense. Church architecture generally somewhat follows standard models, which vary depending upon the date, location, and characteristics of the congregation.
 
Terms:
churches (buildings) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
church (building) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
church architecture (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
church buildings (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
kirks (buildings) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ form used in Northern England and Scotland
kirkes (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
kurks (buildings) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
教堂 (建築物) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
jiāo táng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
jiao tang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chiao t'ang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
kerken (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
kerk (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
kerkgebouwen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
Kirchengebäude (C,U,German,D,U,U)
Kirche (Gebäude) (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Kirchen (Gebäude) (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Kirchenbau (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Kirchenbauten (C,U,German,UF,PN)
kirchen (Gebäude) (C,U,German,UF,U,PN)
kirche (Gebäude) (C,U,German,UF,U,SN)
kirchenbau (C,U,German,UF,U,U)
kirchenbauten (C,U,German,UF,U,U)
iglesias (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
iglesia (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
chirche (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
chiriche (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
churche (building) (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
chureche (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
circe (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
cirice (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
kirrke (H,U,English,UF,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.RK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Built Environment (hierarchy name)
.... Built Environment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Single Built Works (hierarchy name)
........ Single Built Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of single built works (built environment)
............ single built works (built environment) (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by specific type>
................ <single built works by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <single built works by function>
.................... <single built works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of ceremonial structures
........................ ceremonial structures (G)
Hierarchy of religious structures
............................ religious structures (G)
Hierarchy of religious buildings
................................ religious buildings (G)
Hierarchy of churches (buildings)
.................................... churches (buildings) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 用於進行公開基督教禮拜的建築物,歷史上不同於禮拜堂或祈禱室等建築,在廣意上教堂的某些部分屬於私人或非公開。教堂建築通常以標準格式建造,這些格式隨著年代、地點與地方教會特徵不同而有所變化。 
Dutch ..... Gebouwen voor openbare christelijke erediensten die historisch worden onderscheiden van kapellen en oratoria, dat gebouwen zijn die in enig opzicht privé, of in de ruimste zin, niet publiek, zijn. Kerkarchitectuur volgt in het algemeen standaard modellen, die variëren afhankelijk van de datum, locatie en de kenmerken van de gemeente. 
German ..... Gebäude für öffentlichen christlichen Gottesdienst, das historisch von Kapellen und Oratorien unterschieden wird, die in mancher Hinsicht private Gebäude oder im weitesten Sinn nicht öffentlich sind. Die Kirchenarchitektur folgt allgemein weitgehend standardisierten Bauformen, die abhängig von Zeit, Ort und Eigenschaften der Kirchengemeinde variieren können.  

Related concepts:
locus/setting for ....  churches (institutions)
................................  (religious institutions, <institutions by activity>, ... Organizations (hierarchy name)) [300312247]
locus/setting for ....  eucharists
................................  (religious ceremonies, ceremonies, ... Events (hierarchy name)) [300264326]
locus/setting for ....  tabernacles (liturgical containers)
................................  (liturgical containers, ceremonial containers, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300207778]
provide context ....  high altars
............................  (altars (religious fixtures), <altars and altar components>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300003728]
provide context ....  side altars
............................  (altars (religious fixtures), <altars and altar components>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300395638]

Sources and Contributors:
教堂 (建築物)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9, 175
chiao t'ang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica
chirche............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
chiriche............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
church (building)............  [VP]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
church architecture............  [VP]
...................................  Avery Index (1963-)
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) sh 85025567, as separate heading from "church buildings"
...................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
church buildings............  [VP]
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) new heading, bulletin 68, spring 1995
.............................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) sh 85025854
churche (building)............  [VP]
...................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
churches (buildings)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 121891 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  Avery Index (1963-)
...................................  Canadian Thesaurus of Construction Science and Technology (1978)
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) former heading
...................................  Nomenclature 3.0 for Museum Cataloging (2010)
...................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
...................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
...................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
chureche............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
circe............  [VP]
..............  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
cirice............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
iglesia............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997)
.................  The Oxford- Duden Pictorial Spanish and English Dictionary (1995)
iglesias............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
jiao tang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica
jiāo táng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica
kerk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
kerken............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
kerkgebouwen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
kirche (Gebäude)............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
.............................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/655265/revisions/1207488/view
.............................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4073436-5
.............................  Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz database (2014-)
.............................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) Kirche, accessed 21. July 2014
Kirche (Gebäude)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.............................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/655265/revisions/1207488/view
.............................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4073436-5
.............................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) "Kirche;" "Kirche", accessed 21. July 2014
kirchen (Gebäude)............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/655265/revisions/1207488/view
................................  Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz database (2014-)
Kirchen (Gebäude)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/655265/revisions/1207488/view
kirchenbau............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
.......................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
.......................  Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz database (2014-)
Kirchenbau............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/797375/revisions/1172455/view
kirchenbauten............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
..........................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
..........................  Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz database (2014-)
Kirchenbauten............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
..........................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
Kirchengebäude............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
.............................  Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz database (2014-)
.............................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) Kirchengebäude, accessed 21. July 2014
.............................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) "Kirchengebäude;" "Kirchengebäude", accessed 21. July 2014
kirkes............  [VP]
.................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977)
kirks (buildings)............  [VP]
................................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977)
................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
kirrke............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
kurks (buildings)............  [VP]
................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 121891 checked 26 January 2012
............  Avery Index (1963-) precoor.; Churches--Round; Churches--Wooden; Churches--Octagonal; Half-timbered churches
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) precoor.; Churches, Mormon; Churches, Quaker; former heading; Churches, Baptist; new heading, bulletin 68, spring 1995; Anglican church buildings; Baptist church buildings; Catholic church buildings; Christian Science church buildings; Church facilities; Churches, Lutheran; Churches, reformed; Churches, Catholic; precoor,; Churches, Anglican; Churches, Mennonite; Churches, Methodist; Churches, Protestant; Churches, Presbyterian; Half-timbered churches; Congregational churches; Churches, Orthodox Eastern; Churches, Christian Science; Unitarian Universalist churches
............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules vestry records
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) precoor.; Churches: round; Churches: timber; Churches: Anglican; Churches: Adventist; Churches: Unitarian; Churches: Protestant; Churches: Universalist; Churches: Roman Catholic; Churches: Eastern, Orthodox; Churches: Latter-Day Saints; Churches: Christian Science; Churches: Jehovah's Witnesses; Churches: Protestant: Baptist; Churches: Protestant: Lutheran; Churches: Protestant: Reformed; Churches: Protestant: Mennonite; Churches: Protestant: Methodist; Churches: Protestant: Presbyterian; Churches: Protestant: Congregational; Churches: Protestant: Church of Christ
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Coptic churches; Rococo churches; Gothic churches; Norman churches; Nubian churches; Baroque churches; Lombard churches; Armenian churches; Medieval churches; Crusader churches; Ottonian churches; Victorian churches; Mozarabic churches; Byzantine churches; Romanesque churches; Visigothic churches; Anglo-Saxon churches; Carolingian churches; Renaissance churches; Merovingian churches; Hiberno-Saxon churches; Early Christian churches; Georgian (Transcaucasia) churches
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 14 December 2009
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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