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ID: 300002595
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300002595

 

Record Type: concept
battlements (<battlements and battlement components>, defensive wall components, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Fortified parapets with alternate solid parts and openings.
 
Terms:
battlements (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
battlement (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
castellations (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
crenelated parapets (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
crenelations (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
crenellations (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
embattlements (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
kantelen (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
kanteel (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
créneau (C,U,French-P,AD,U,MSN)
Zinnenkränze (C,U,German,D,SN)
Zinnenkranz (C,U,German-P,AD,U,SN)
almenas (crenelated parapets) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
almena (crenelated parapets) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
mena (crenelated parapets) (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <architectural elements by building type>
.................... <architectural elements by building type> (G)
Hierarchy of fortification elements
........................ fortification elements (G)
Hierarchy of <defensive walls and defensive wall components>
............................ <defensive walls and defensive wall components> (G)
Hierarchy of defensive wall components
................................ defensive wall components (G)
Hierarchy of <battlements and battlement components>
.................................... <battlements and battlement components> (G)
Hierarchy of battlements
........................................ battlements (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <structural elements and components for structural elements>
.................... <structural elements and components for structural elements> (G)
Hierarchy of structural elements
........................ structural elements (G)
Hierarchy of enclosing structural elements
............................ enclosing structural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <walls and wall components>
................................ <walls and wall components> (G)
Hierarchy of wall components
.................................... wall components (G)
Hierarchy of <wall components by location or context>
........................................ <wall components by location or context> (G)
Hierarchy of parapets
............................................ parapets (G)
Hierarchy of battlements
................................................ battlements (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Versterkte parapetten met afwisselend massieve delen en openingen. 
German ..... Brüstung zu Verteidigungszwecken, mit abwechseln offenen und geschlossen Bereichen. 
Spanish ..... Fortified parapets with alternate solid parts and openings. 

Sources and Contributors:
almena (crenelated parapets)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
...............................................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 37
...............................................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 140
almenas (crenelated parapets)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
..................................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
battlement............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.......................  AASLH data (2016-)
.......................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.......................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/708; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.......................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 708
battlements............  [VP Preferred]
.......................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977) illustration
.......................  Kostof, Castillo, and Tobias, History of Architecture (1995) GLOS
.......................  Pierce, From Abacus to Zeus (1987) IND
.......................  Putnam and Carlson, Architectural and Building Trades Dictionary (1974)
.......................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) illustration
castellations............  [VP]
..........................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
créneau............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/708; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 708
crenelated parapets............  [VP]
...................................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) illustration
crenelations............  [VP]
.......................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT)
.......................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977) 55
crenellations............  [VP]
..........................  Avery Index (1963-)
..........................  Fleming et al., Penguin Dictionary of Architecture (1981) illustration
..........................  Kostof, Castillo, and Tobias, History of Architecture (1995) GLOS
embattlements............  [VP]
..........................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975)
..........................  Putnam and Carlson, Architectural and Building Trades Dictionary (1974)
..........................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
kanteel............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
kantelen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
mena (crenelated parapets)............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
...............................................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 404
Zinnenkranz............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred, VP]
.......................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?view=1&qu=Zinnenkranz
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.......................  Lueger, Lexikon der gesamten Technik (1904-1920) [online] http://www.zeno.org/nid/20005984076
.......................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) "Zinnenkranz", accessed 09. June 2015
Zinnenkränze............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  Stokes und Bezzenberger, Wortschatz der keltischen Spracheinheit (1979) "Zinnenkranz", accessed 09. June 2015
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/708; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) castellation; crenelation
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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