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ID: 300001989

 

Record Type: concept
balustrades (<balustrades, railings and their components>, barrier elements, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Parapets or low screens composed of balusters and carrying a rail or other horizontal member that is usually heavy in proportion to the balusters themselves.
 
Terms:
balustrades (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
balustrades (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
balustrade (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
balustrade (Dutch,AD,U,U)
欄杆 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
扶欄 (欄杆) (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
迥欄 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
lán gān (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
lan gan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
lan kan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Gurtgeländer (C,U,German,D,U,PN)
Balustrade (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Balustraden (C,U,German,UF,PN)
balaustrata (C,U,Italian,AD,U,SN)
balaustradas (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
balaustrada (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
balaustrería (uso antiguo) (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of barriers and barrier elements
.................... barriers and barrier elements (G)
Hierarchy of barrier elements
........................ barrier elements (G)
Hierarchy of <balustrades, railings and their components>
............................ <balustrades, railings and their components> (G)
Hierarchy of balustrades
................................ balustrades (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 由數道欄杆柱所構成的護欄或矮小屏障,上方有比例較欄杆柱厚實的橫欄或其他水平構件。 
Dutch ..... Kapmuurtjes of lage schermen die bestaan uit balusters en die een railing of een ander horizontaal onderdeel dragen dat in verhouding tot de balusters zelf meestal vrij zwaar is. 
German ..... Brüstung oder niedrige Reihe aus Balustern, die ein Geländer oder ein anderes horizontales Bauteil trägt, das im Verhältnis zu den Balustern selbst meistens schwer ist. 

Sources and Contributors:
欄杆............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 February 9, 2011
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9, 172
...........  建築學英漢辭典 36
...........  朗文當代大辭典 110
...........  牛津當代大辭典 117
扶欄 (欄杆)............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  世界建築經典圖鑑 334
迥欄............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  世界藝術史 889
balaustrada............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
.......................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 82
.......................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 113
balaustradas............  [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
balaustrata............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
.......................  ICCD database (1988-)
balaustrería (uso antiguo)............  [CDBP-DIBAM]
...............................................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 83
balustrade............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Balustrade............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.......................  Binding, Architektonische Formenlehre (1987) 225
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/716840/revisions/1126911/view
.......................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?qu=Balustrade
.......................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4285980-3
.......................  RDK-web [online] (2007-) http://rdk.zikg.net/gsdl/cgi-bin/library.exe?e=q-01000-00---off-0rdkZz-web.1--00-1--0-10-0---0---0prompt-10-TE--4--balustrade--Sec---0-1l--11-de-Zz-1---20-p-[balustrade]%3aTE+--01-3-1-00-0-0-11-1-0utfZz-8-00&a=d&c=rdk-web.1&cl=&d=Dl630.4#mark
Balustraden............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/716840/revisions/1126911/view
balustrades............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 120816 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Avery Index (1963-)
.......................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975)
.......................  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977)
.......................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
.......................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.......................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Gurtgeländer............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
.......................  Personal Communication
lan gan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica
lan kan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica
lán gān............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-DIBAM, GCI, ICCD, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 120816 checked 26 January 2012
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Renaissance balustrades
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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