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ID: 300001571
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300001571

 

Record Type: concept
columns (architectural elements) (<columns and column components>, <supporting and resisting elements>, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: In the discipline of architecture, refers to cylindrical or slightly tapering, vertical members made to either give support or to appear to give support. They usually comprise three sections: base, capital, and shaft. The term also refers to all uprights in steel frame or concrete frame structures. Columns may occasionally stand alone as a monument, for example in Trajan's Column in Rome or Nelson's Column in London. Columns may be used as decorative elements on furniture. For square or rectangular members, either in masonry construction or classically treated, and for massive uprights in Medieval architecture, see "piers (supporting elements)"; for wooden square uprights, see "posts." In the discipline of architecture, refers to cylindrical or slightly tapering, vertical members made to either give support or to appear to give support. They usually comprise three sections: base, capital, and shaft. The term also refers to all uprights in steel frame or concrete frame structures. Columns may occasionally stand alone as a monument, for example in Trajan's Column in Rome or Nelson's Column in London. Columns may be used as decorative elements on furniture. For square or rectangular members, either in masonry construction or classically treated, and for massive uprights in Medieval architecture, see "piers (supporting elements)"; for wooden square uprights, see "posts."
 
Terms:
columns (architectural elements) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
column (architectural element) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
立柱 (建築元素) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
圓柱 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
lì zhù (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
li zhu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
li chu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
zuilen (architecturale elementen) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
zuil (architecturaal element) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
kolommen (architectuurelementen) (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
columnas (elemento arquitectónico) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
columna (elemento arquitectónico) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <structural elements and components for structural elements>
.................... <structural elements and components for structural elements> (G)
Hierarchy of structural elements
........................ structural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <supporting and resisting elements>
............................ <supporting and resisting elements> (G)
Hierarchy of <columns and column components>
................................ <columns and column components> (G)
Hierarchy of columns (architectural elements)
.................................... columns (architectural elements) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <structural elements and components for structural elements>
.................... <structural elements and components for structural elements> (G)
Hierarchy of structural elements
........................ structural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <supporting and resisting elements>
............................ <supporting and resisting elements> (G)
Hierarchy of pillars
................................ pillars (G)
Hierarchy of columns (architectural elements)
.................................... columns (architectural elements) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Wordt in de bouwkunde gebruikt om te verwijzen naar cilindrische of enigszins taps toelopende, rechtopstaande metselwerken, die meestal een dragende functie hebben of lijken te hebben. Ze bestaan uit drie onderdelen: voetstuk, kapiteel en schacht. De term kan ook verwijzen naar alle rechtopstaande delen in een stalen of betonnen raamwerk. Ook komen zuilen soms ook voor als vrijstaand monument, bijvoorbeeld de Zuil van Trajanus in Rome of de Zuil van Nelson in Londen. Zuilen kunnen voorts als decoratief element in meubilair worden toegepast. Zie 'pijlers (dragende elementen)' voor vierkante of rechthoekige delen, in metselwerk of klassiek bewerkt, en voor de massieve rechtopstaande delen uit de middeleeuwse architectuur. Zie 'palen' voor vierkante, rechtopstaande stutten van hout. 

Related concepts:
contextualized in ....  colonnades
................................  (structural assemblies, structural elements, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300002613]
distinguished from ....  piers (supporting elements)
..................................  (<piers and pier components>, <supporting and resisting elements>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300000953]
distinguished from ....  posts (structural elements)
..................................  (<supporting and resisting elements>, structural elements, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300001609]

Sources and Contributors:
立柱 (建築元素)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
....................  建築學英漢辭典 93
....................  朗文當代大辭典 332
....................  牛津當代大辭典 343
圓柱............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  世界建築經典圖鑑 339
...........  世界藝術史 891
...........  劍橋藝術史-中世紀 124
...........  劍橋藝術史-希臘與羅馬 132
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9, 176
column (architectural element)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1993) 190
.....................................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) Accessed 06/10/2002.
.....................................................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901)
columna (elemento arquitectónico)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
........................................................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 168
........................................................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 62
columnas (elemento arquitectónico)............  [CDBP-SNPC]
...........................................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
columns (architectural elements)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.....................................................  AATA database (2002-) 122109 checked 26 January 2012
.....................................................  Avery Index (1963-) columns
.....................................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) columns
.....................................................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) illustration; columns
.....................................................  Jacoby and Talgam, Jerusalem Index of Jewish Art (1988) illustration, 18; columns
.....................................................  National Association of Corrosion Engineers, Glossary of Terms (1988) columns
.....................................................  Nomenclature 3.0 for Museum Cataloging (2010)
.....................................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) columns
.....................................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) columns
.....................................................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) illustration; columns
kolommen (architectuurelementen)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.....................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.....................................................  Haslinghuis, Bouwkundige termen (1986)
li chu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica
li zhu............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica
lì zhù............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica
zuil (architecturaal element)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
..................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..................................................  Haslinghuis, Bouwkundige termen (1986)
zuilen (architecturale elementen)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
........................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
........................................................  Haslinghuis, Bouwkundige termen (1986)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 122109 checked 26 January 2012
............  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988) Pillar
............  Haslinghuis, Woordenboek bouwkundige termen (1986)
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1993)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Haslinghuis, Bouwkundige termen (1986)

 

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