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ID: 300041340
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300041340

 

Record Type: concept
engravings (prints) (intaglio prints, <prints by process: transfer method>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Prints on paper incorporating impressions of a reverse design created on a printing plate, usually copper, into which the design has been incised (engraved) using burins or gravers. Historically, "engravings" has sometimes been incorrectly used to refer to all prints, regardless of the specific technique. For prints made from designs engraved on a flat wooden block, use "wood cuts"; for prints made from a plate that is etched rather than engraved, use "etchings."
 
Terms:
engravings (prints) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
engraving (print) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
gravures (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
gravure (C,U,French-P,AD,U,SN)
gravure (Dutch,AD,U,SN)
Stiche (C,U,German,D,PN)
Stich (Gravur) (C,U,German-P,AD,U,SN)
Gravur (C,U,German,UF,U,SN)
incisione (C,U,Italian,AD,U,SN)
grabados (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
grabado (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
gravyr (C,U,Swedish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of prints (visual works)
.................... prints (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of <prints by process or technique>
........................ <prints by process or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of <prints by process: transfer method>
............................ <prints by process: transfer method> (G)
Hierarchy of intaglio prints
................................ intaglio prints (G)
Hierarchy of engravings (prints)
.................................... engravings (prints) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Diepdrukken gemaakt door lijnen direct in een metalen plaat te steken met behulp van een burijn. 
German ..... Bezeichnet einen Druck auf Papier, der ein Abdruck einer umgekehrten Zeichnung ist, die auf einer Druckplatte, gewöhnlich aus Kupfer, geschaffen wurde und in die die Zeichnung unter Verwendung von Grabsticheln eingeschnitten (eingraviert) wurde. Historisch wurde "Stich" manchmal unkorrekt in Bezug auf alle Grafiken verwendet, ohne Berücksichtigung der jeweiligen Technik. Für eine Grafik, die von einer Zeichnung gemacht wurde, die in einen flachen Holzstock eingeschnitten wurde, verwende "Holzschnitt"; für eine Grafik von einer Platte, die geätzt statt graviert ist, verwende "Radierung".  
Spanish ..... Úsese específicamente para estampas obtenidas de una superficie impresa grabada. Históricamente, ha sido algunas veces usado de manera general para referirse a todas las estampas. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  etchings (prints)
..................................  (intaglio prints, <prints by process: transfer method>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300041365]
distinguished from ....  woodcuts (prints)
..................................  (relief prints, <prints by process: transfer method>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300041405]
produced by ....  engraving (printing process)
....................  (intaglio printing processes, printing processes, ... Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name)) [300053225]

Sources and Contributors:
engraving (print)............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
................................  AASLH data (2016-)
................................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-) engraving
................................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988) engraving
................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
................................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13451; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13451
................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) engraving
engravings (prints)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 123331 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  Avery Index (1963-)
...................................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term -- Program For Art on Film -- May 1989.
...................................  Gascoigne, How to Identify Prints (1986) 9a
...................................  Heller, Printmaking Today (1972) GLOS, Prints obtained from an engraved, plate or block of wd. Loosely, all prints that utilize a press.
...................................  Hickerson and Engst, Terms for use in Field 655 (1984)
...................................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986) Intaglio prints made by cutting into printing surf. w. a point
...................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
...................................  Museum Prototype Project, Medium of Objects Frequency Report (1985)
...................................  Peterdi, Printmaking (1971) 23, in text, once
...................................  Saff and Sacilotto, Printmaking (1978)
...................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
...................................  Zinkham and Parker, Descriptive Terms for Graphic Materials (1986)
grabado............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
.................  Lucie-Smith, Diccionario de Términos de Arte (1997) 98
.................  Vives, Guía para la identificacion de grabados (2003) 311
grabados............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
Gravur............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
.................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
gravure............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Het Prenten-ABC (1981)
.................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13451; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13451
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
gravures............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Het Prenten-ABC (1981)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
gravyr............  [VP]
.................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
incisione............  [VP]
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
Stich (Gravur)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred, VP]
.............................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/649429/revisions/1117363/view
.............................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?qu=Stich
.............................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
.............................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) "Stich", accessed 2 Okt 2013
Stiche............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/649429/revisions/1117363/view
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 123331 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Het Prenten-ABC (1981)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13451; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Gascoigne, How to Identify Prints (1986)
.......... IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Het Prenten-ABC (1981)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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