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ID: 300443518
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300443518

 

Record Type: concept
dīngfú (fú, crossbeams, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: "丁" cross beams" or dīngfu run parallel to the roof ridge and form a "T" shape with cross beams perpendicular to the roof ridge. In traditional Chinese timber-frame architecture, the dingfu refers to cross beams used on the gable sides of a building with a hip and gable roof (jiuji 九脊 or xialiangtou 廈兩頭; later xieshan 歇山) or the "hip" side of a building with a hip roof (Song dynasty si'e 四阿 or Qing dynasty wudian 廡殿). In historical texts, we have only found this technical term used in the Yingzao fashi (e.g. Chapter 5, 7b). Modern architectural historians use this term to describe cross beams on the gable sides of buildings dating from the Tang to the early Ming dynasties.
 
Terms:
dīngfú (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,L,N)
dīngfú (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin)-P,D,U,N)
丁栿 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
ting-fu (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <structural elements and components for structural elements>
.................... <structural elements and components for structural elements> (G)
Hierarchy of structural elements
........................ structural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <spanning and projecting structural elements>
............................ <spanning and projecting structural elements> (G)
Hierarchy of beams (structural elements)
................................ beams (structural elements) (G)
Hierarchy of <beams by location or context>
.................................... <beams by location or context> (G)
Hierarchy of crossbeams
........................................ crossbeams (G)
Hierarchy of fú
............................................  (G)
Hierarchy of dīngfú
................................................ dīngfú (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 丁栿指四阿(即清代廡殿)或廈兩頭及九脊(即清代歇山)房屋山面承屋蓋用的梁,與進深方向的梁在平面上成"丁"字形。丁栿僅見於宋《營造法式》(1103,故宫藏抄本 5.7b)。現代學者將之用於對唐(618-907)至明(1368-1644)初建築物的描述。 

Sources and Contributors:
丁栿............  [ATTCAT, VP]
...........  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
dīngfú............  [ATTCAT Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
.................  Fu, Traditional Chinese Architecture (2017)
.................  Guo, Visual Dictionary of Chinese Architecture (2002)
ting-fu............  [ATTCAT, VP]
.................  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [ATTCAT, VP]
............  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
 
Note:
English .......... [ATTCAT, VP]
.......... Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [ATTCAT, VP]
.......... Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)

 

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