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ID: 300435262
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300435262

 

Record Type: concept
xoloitzcuintlis (breed) (Canis familiaris (species), Canis (genus), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to hairless dogs in Mexico, whether modern dogs or as seen in more ancient depictions. The xoloitzcuintli (xolo) is a breed of Mexican dog having pink or gray skin and very little hair except for a topknot and fuzz on its long tail; dogs with short coats also appear in many litters. The history of the breed is under discussion by experts. Domesticated dogs entered North America from Siberia over 9,000 years ago; some pre-European-contact dogs had an appearance similar to the modern xolo and were considered sacred by the Aztecs, Toltecs, Maya, and other groups. However, in modern xolos, little to none of the older, indigenous dogs' DNA remains; modern xolos were probably descended from hairless Chinese or African dogs that were introduced by Spanish traders to Mexico in the late 16th century. In Mexico the breed is referred to as the "Chinese dog"; however, DNA analysis did not find a close genetic relationship between the xolo and the Chinese Crested Dog, which has a similar appearance.
 
Terms:
xoloitzcuintlis (breed) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)  ............ name is a borrowing from Nahuatl
xoloitzcuintli (breed) (C,U,English,UF,U,SN)
xōlōitzcuīntli (breed) (C,U,Nahuatl,UF,U,U)
xoloitzcuintle (breed) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
xolos (breed) (C,U,English,UF,U,PN)
Mexican hairless (breed) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Chinese dog (Mexican breed) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Animalia (kingdom)
................ Animalia (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Chordata (phylum)
.................... Chordata (phylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Vertebrata (subphylum)
........................ Vertebrata (subphylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Mammalia (class)
............................ Mammalia (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Carnivora (order)
................................ Carnivora (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Canidae (family)
.................................... Canidae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Canis (genus)
........................................ Canis (genus) (G)
Hierarchy of Canis familiaris (species)
............................................ Canis familiaris (species) (G)
Hierarchy of xoloitzcuintlis (breed)
................................................ xoloitzcuintlis (breed) (G)

Sources and Contributors:
Chinese dog (Mexican breed)............  [VP]
...............................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Mexican hairless (breed)............  [VP]
.........................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Mexican hairless (breed of dog)," accessed 2 July 2019
xōlōitzcuīntli (breed)............  [VP]
.........................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) etymology note
xoloitzcuintle (breed)............  [VP]
.........................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
xoloitzcuintli (breed)............  [VP]
.........................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
xoloitzcuintlis (breed)............  [VP Preferred]
.........................................  Denver Museum of Nature & Science [online] (2000-)
.........................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
.........................................  Vilà et al, Phylogenetic Relationships, Genetic Diversity of Domestic Dog (1999)
xolos (breed)............  [VP]
..........................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
 
Subject: .....  [VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Denver Museum of Nature & Science [online] (2000-)
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Vilà et al, Phylogenetic Relationships, Genetic Diversity of Domestic Dog (1999)

 

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