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ID: 300310581
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300310581

 

Record Type: concept
Canis dirus (extinct species) (Canis (genus), Canidae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Species of New World canid that existed during the Pleistocene Epoch (1,600,000 to 10,000 years ago), differing from the modern wolf in its larger size, more massive skull, smaller brain, and relatively light limbs. It was widespread, with remains found in Florida, the Mississippi Valley, the Valley of Mexico, the La Brea Tar Pits of Los Angeles, and other sites. Although it was closely related to the gray wolf, it was not the direct ancestor of any species known today. The type specimen (a fossilized jawbone) of the dire wolf was found in Evansville, Indiana in the summer of 1854, when the Ohio River was quite low.
 
Terms:
Canis dirus (extinct species) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,L,N)
Canis dirus (extinct species) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Canis dirus (extinct species) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
dire wolves (C,U,C,English,AD,U,N)  ............ name derived from the Aztec "coyotl"
dire wolf (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
恐狼 (已滅絕物種) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
恐怖狼 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
更新統狼 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
kǒng láng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
kong lang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
k'ung lang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Animalia (kingdom)
................ Animalia (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Chordata (phylum)
.................... Chordata (phylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Vertebrata (subphylum)
........................ Vertebrata (subphylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Mammalia (class)
............................ Mammalia (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Carnivora (order)
................................ Carnivora (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Canidae (family)
.................................... Canidae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Canis (genus)
........................................ Canis (genus) (G)
Hierarchy of Canis dirus (extinct species)
............................................ Canis dirus (extinct species) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Animalia (kingdom)
................ Animalia (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Chordata (phylum)
.................... Chordata (phylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Vertebrata (subphylum)
........................ Vertebrata (subphylum) (G)
Hierarchy of Mammalia (class)
............................ Mammalia (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Carnivora (order)
................................ Carnivora (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Canidae (family)
.................................... Canidae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Canis (genus)
........................................ Canis (genus) (G)
Hierarchy of wolves
............................................ wolves (G)
Hierarchy of Canis dirus (extinct species)
................................................ Canis dirus (extinct species) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 狼的物種,新世界的犬科動物,存在時期為更新世(西元一百六十萬到一萬年前),與現代的狼不同之處在於其體型較大、頭骨較巨大、腦較小以及相對較輕的四肢。其分佈廣泛,在佛羅里達州、密西西比河谷、墨西哥河谷、洛杉磯的拉布瑞亞焦油坑(La Brea Tar Pits)以及其他位址都有發現遺骸。恐狼雖然是灰狼的近親,但並不是目前所知任何狼種的直接祖先。恐狼的模式標本(頷骨化石)是在西元1854年夏天,於印第安那州的艾凡士維(Evansville),當俄亥俄河的水位相當低時出土。 
Dutch ..... Hondachtige in de Nieuwe Wereld, die leefde tijdens het Pleistoceen (1.600.000 tot 10.000 jaar geleden) en van de hedendaagse wolf verschilt doordat hij groter was en een zwaardere schedel, kleinere hersenen en betrekkelijk lichte ledematen had. De soort was wijdverbreid; er zijn overblijfselen gevonden in Florida, de Mississippivallei, de Vallei van Mexico, de La Brea Tar Pits van Los Angeles en op andere plaatsen. Hoewel de reuzenwolf nauw verwant was met de hedendaagse grijze wolf, was hij niet de directe voorouder van een thans bekende soort. Het typespecimen (een gefossiliseerde onderkaak) van de reuzenwolf werd gevonden in Evansville (Indiana) in de zomer van 1854, toen de waterstand in de rivier de Ohio bijzonder laag was. 

Sources and Contributors:
恐狼 (已滅絕物種)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
恐怖狼............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
更新統狼............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 January 3, 2013
Canis dirus (extinct species)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
..................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..................................................  Animal Diversity Web (1995-) accessed 15 December 2004
..................................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 20 August 2008
..................................................  National Museum of Natural History, Mammal Species (2000-) accessed 20 August 2008
..................................................  Natural History Museum, London (2000-) accessed 20 August 2008
dire wolf............  [VP]
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 20 August 2008
dire wolves............  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 20 August 2008
kǒng láng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
kong lang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
k'ung lang............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Animal Diversity Web (1995-) accessed 20 August 2008
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Wolf," accessed 15 December 2004
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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