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ID: 300037834
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300037834

 

Record Type: concept
Cromwellian chairs (<chairs by form>, chairs (furniture forms), ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Collector's term for square low-back chairs, often without arms, having turned legs and stretchers; this type, covered in leather or turkey work, long antedated the period of Cromwell but became widely popular in England in the mid-1600s.
 
Terms:
Cromwellian chairs (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
Cromwellian chairs (German,D,PN)
Cromwellian chair (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
Cromwellian chair (German,UF,SN)
chairs, Cromwellian (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
chairs, leather-upholstered (Cromwellian chairs) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
chairs, turkey-work (Cromwellian chairs) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
leather-upholstered chairs (Cromwellian chairs) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
turkey-work chairs (Cromwellian chairs) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
克倫威爾椅 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
kè lún wēi ěr yǐ (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ke lun wei er yi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
k'o lun wei erh i (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
Cromwellstoelen (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Cromwellstoel (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
Cromwell-Stuhl (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Cromwell-Stühle (C,U,German,UF,PN)
sillas Cromwellianas (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
silla Cromwelliana (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
cromwelliano (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Furnishings (hierarchy name)
........ Furnishings (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of furnishings (works)
............ furnishings (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <furnishings by form or function>
................ <furnishings by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of furniture
.................... furniture (G)
Hierarchy of <furniture by form or function>
........................ <furniture by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of seating furniture
............................ seating furniture (G)
Hierarchy of single seating furniture
................................ single seating furniture (G)
Hierarchy of chairs (furniture forms)
.................................... chairs (furniture forms) (G)
Hierarchy of <chairs by form>
........................................ <chairs by form> (G)
Hierarchy of Cromwellian chairs
............................................ Cromwellian chairs (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 家具收藏者所使用的詞彙,用來指稱椅背低矮的方形椅子,通常沒有扶手,有著串珠狀的椅腳與橫檔;這種類型的椅子表面是以皮革或者土耳其多節浮凸絨毛刺繡所覆蓋,早在克倫威爾的時代之前就已經存在,不過卻是到了西元1600年代中期才在英格蘭廣受歡迎。  
Dutch ..... Benaming die door verzamelaars wordt gebruikt voor rechthoekige stoelen met een lage rugleuning en vaak zonder armleuning. Ze hebben gedraaide poten en dwarsbalken. Dit type is bedekt met leer of marokijn en stamt uit een periode van ver voor Cromwell, maar werd zeer populair in Engeland in het midden van de 16e eeuw. 
German ..... Begriff aus der Sammlersprache für einen quadratischen Stuhl mit niedriger Rückenlehne und häufig ohne Armlehnen, der über gedrechselte Beine und Stege verfügt; dieser Typus, mit Leder oder "Turkey work" bespannt, wurde lange Zeit in die Cromwell-Periode datiert, war jedoch in England bereits Mitte des 16. Jahrhunderts weit verbreitet. 
Spanish ..... Término de coleccionista para sillas de respaldos bajos cuadrados, a menudo sin brazos, que tienen patas torneadas y travesaños; este tipo cubierto en cuero o labor turca, muy anterior al período de los Cromwell, pero llegó a ser muy popular en Inglaterra a mediados de 1600. 

Sources and Contributors:
克倫威爾椅............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
..............  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 16 August, 2013
chairs, Cromwellian............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
chairs, leather-upholstered (Cromwellian chairs)............  [VP]
.............................................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
chairs, turkey-work (Cromwellian chairs)............  [VP]
.................................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Cromwellian chair............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
................................  Feulner, Kunstgeschichte des Möbels (1980) 125
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
................................  Lipps, Englische Möbel (1973) 73
Cromwellian chairs............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP Preferred]
...................................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
...................................  Comstock, American Furniture (1962) illustration
...................................  Gloag, Short Dictionary of Furniture (1965) 219
...................................  Hayward, World Furniture (1965)
...................................  Kane, 300 Years of American Seating Furniture (1976) 29
...................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
...................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
cromwelliano............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.......................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 188
Cromwellstoel............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
..........................  Hofstede, Meubelkunst (1989)
Cromwellstoelen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  Hofstede, Meubelkunst (1989)
Cromwell-Stuhl............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.............................  Austen, Englische Möbel im Laufe der Jahrhunderte (1975) 20
.............................  Dewiel, Stühle und andere Sitzmöbel (1982) 57
.............................  Lipps, Englische Möbel (1973) 20
Cromwell-Stühle............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
ke lun wei er yi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
kè lún wēi ěr yǐ............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
k'o lun wei erh i............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
leather-upholstered chairs (Cromwellian chairs)............  [VP]
.............................................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
silla Cromwelliana............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
...................................  Miller, Como Reconocer las Antigüedades (1991) 26
sillas Cromwellianas............  [CDBP-SNPC]
...................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
turkey-work chairs (Cromwellian chairs)............  [VP]
.................................................................  Forman, American Seating Furniture (1987) illustration, 219; turkey-work chairs
.................................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Aronson, Encyclopedia of Furniture (1959) 154; Cromwellian
............  Hofstede, Meubelkunst (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Hofstede, Meubelkunst (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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