Earle Brown

(born Lunenburg, Massachusetts, 1926; died Rye, New York, 2002) American composer and pioneer of graphic notation and "open-form" composition. Moved to New York in 1952 to work with John Cage on the Project for Music for Magnetic Tape. Along with Christian Wolff, Morton Feldman, and Cage, Brown was one of the New York School School of composers who emerged in the 1950s. Brown developed time notation, experimented with graphic notation, and, influenced by the painter Jackson Pollock and the sculptor Alexander Calder, pioneered open form composition. He served as composer in residence at the California Institute of the Arts, the University of California at Berkeley, the Peabody Concervatory of Music (which awarded him an honorary doctorate of Music in 1970), Yale University, and Indiana University at Bloomington, among other institutions.

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