Miriam Schapiro was born in Toronto in 1923 and received her BA, MA, and MFA from the State University of Iowa. She moved to New York at the beginning of the 1950s, and befriended abstract expressionists such as Helen Frankenthaler and Joan Mitchell. By the mid-1960s, she developed the hard-edge paintings that are among her best-known work. Schapiro moved to Southern California in 1967 and became a professor at CalArts in 1970, where she established the Feminist Art Program with Judy Chicago. While at CalArts (1970-1974) Schapiro developed her first “femmages,” a form of collage that spoke to women’s experiences.