Museum Home Museum Research and Conservation Research on Museum Collection Provenance, 1933-45 Understanding Provenance Data
Understanding Provenance Data
IntroductionPaintings
Understanding Provenance Data Contact Us

The provenance, or history of ownership, of our paintings is listed in chronological order, starting with the earliest known owner and moving forward in time. Each entry is in the following format:

Date range of ownership

name of owner or seller, life dates of owner or seller if known (location of owner or seller in parentheses if known), details (if known) of the transaction by which the object passed to its next owner, including information about the particular sale if known (e.g., auction date, place, lot number, sale price)

The left column shows the date range of ownership. Here are a few common date formats:

1955 - 1970

The work entered this collection in 1955 and left it in 1970.

1955 -

The work entered this collection in 1955, but we do not know when it left.

- 1955

We do not know when the work entered this collection, but it left in 1955.

by 1955 -

The work was in this collection by 1955 but may have entered it earlier.

- still in 1955

The work was still in this collection in 1955, and may have left it at a later date.

 

An owner name with no date(s) in the left column indicates that we know the work was in this collection, but we do not know precisely when. We do know the work was in this collection between the owners listed above and below it, though there may be other unknown owners in the chain of ownership.

"Private collection" indicates that we know the work was not owned by a dealer and can mean one of two things: 1) we do not know the name of the owner or seller of that work, or 2) we know the name of the owner or seller, but he/she made it a condition of sale that his/her identity not be revealed. "Private Dealer" means that we know the seller was a dealer but we do not know his/her name.

Additional Information

The Nazi-Era Provenance Internet Portal

 

Back to Top