Jan and Hubert van Eyck’s famous Adoration of the Mystic Lamb, better known as the Ghent Altarpiece of 1432, ranks among the most significant works of art in Europe. Housed at Saint Bavo Cathedral in Ghent, Belgium, the large and complex altarpiece suffered a varied history over the centuries. Dismantled, stolen, and damaged many times over, it was reassembled, cleaned, and restored after World War II. Despite this harrowing past, today scholars and art lovers around the world are only a click away from freely exploring over 100 billion pixels of the altarpiece online, thanks to a series of grants provided by the Getty Foundation as part of the Panel Paintings Initiative.
The first Getty grant awarded in 2010 focused on a thorough condition assessment and emergency stabilization of the altarpiece, which involved the training of postgraduate and mid-career conservators under the supervision of leading panel paintings experts. Additional funds allowed an international advisory committee led by art historians and conservation scientists specialized in early Dutch and Flemish paintings to oversee the condition assessment. The investigation resulted in a complete plan for full conservation treatment of the altarpiece, which was led by Belgium's Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage (KIK/IRPA) and completed in 2017.
During the technical study, experts produced documentation of unprecedented detail and quality that resulted in the innovative web application Closer to Van Eyck: The Ghent Altarpiece Restored
, which was supported largely by the Getty Foundation and hosted by KIK/IRPA. The site allowed users to zoom into individual sections of the altarpiece and take a virtual peek under the paint surface by means of infrared reflectography (IRR) and x-radiography, examining the altarpiece in ways never before possible.
The Getty Foundation provided a final grant in 2013 to support phase two of Closer to Van Eyck: The Ghent Altarpiece Restored
. The expanded site added new images of the altarpiece at various stages of conservation treatment, a larger range of technical images, and an enhanced image interface that allows users to see and compare multiple views of the artwork at the same time. The web application set new standards for digital projects related to art history and conservation by providing access to the decision-making process for the treatment of the altarpiece and by disseminating the open-source technology behind the website to the museum community.