Central and Eastern European Initiative
Following the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Foundation developed an initiative to strengthen art historical scholarship in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Fellowships enabled more than 120 scholars from the region to conduct research outside their home countries. Simultaneously, we provided grants to key art historical libraries to enhance their collections. From 1995–2000, we also supported a series of summer institutes for scholars from the region at the University of Rochester and the University of East Anglia. Since the conclusion of the initiative, a number of additional grants have continued our work in the area. Most recently, a Foundation grant to New Europe College in Bucharest is supporting residential fellows and visiting lecturers.

Art History in Argentina
With a relatively new Ph.D. program in art history and only a limited number of advanced seminars offered each year, graduate students at the University of Buenos Aires had previously often waited years to complete their degrees. To help enhance the University's art history program, from 2000–2003 the Getty supported visiting professorships at the University's Instituto de Teoría del Arte "Julio E. Payró." Leading European, North American and Latin American scholars came to Buenos Aires to teach graduate seminars in a variety of subjects, significantly expanding the course offerings. Extending over several years, the program had a dramatic impact on both the visiting and Argentine faculty, as well as the graduate students. Many of the Argentinean scholars went on to publish important new research and win prestigious international fellowships, becoming respected voices in the international dialogue about art. Buenos Aires is also becoming an important regional center for art history in South America, attracting graduate students from other countries and serving as a resource for other departments throughout the region.

Constructing the Past, Istanbul
Two intensive summer institutes in Istanbul in 2004 and 2006 brought together scholars and cultural heritage professionals from throughout the Middle East to examine issues of national patrimony—a timely topic in the region. Istanbul, a major cultural center since its founding in the 4th century and a World Heritage City, was an appropriate site to investigate how art and architecture shape our understanding of the past, and how that understanding influences the ways we manage heritage resources today. Led by a group of distinguished international scholars, participants examined the region's monuments from classical antiquity to the present, and how they have been conserved and presented to the public. Participants forged strong ties during their time together, resulting in ongoing collaborations and research projects in the region.

Nonresidential Research Grants
From 1984–2008, the Foundation awarded nonresidential Postdoctoral Fellowships, Curatorial Research Grants, and Collaborative Research Grants to scholars throughout the world. These portable grants allowed scholars to conduct research and pursue their projects wherever necessary. By supporting scholars whose topics covered the breadth of art historical inquiry, from archaeology to contemporary art, these grants fostered new, interdisciplinary interpretations of the history of the visual arts.

One such project was The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820, a 2006 exhibition at the Philadelphia Museum of Art (PMA) that also traveled to the Antiguo Colegio de San Ildefonso in Mexico City and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. The exhibition grew out of a Collaborative Research Grant to the PMA that brought together a team of scholars from the Americas and Europe to develop a more comprehensive understanding of colonial art in Latin America. Looking beyond national borders and spanning the centuries from the arrival of Columbus in the New World to the emergence of national independence movements in present-day Mexico, Central America, and South America, the exhibition highlighted the rich variety of colonial art, and the sophisticated exchange that took place between European, Asian, African, and indigenous artistic traditions.