1. Display completed student vessels around the classroom for evaluation. Have each student select another student's
vessel to evaluate.
2. Post a list of the criteria generated by the class in "Ceramics: A Vessel into History—Lesson 1," step 8. Ask
students to interpret and evaluate their peers' vessels in their journals. Write the following questions on the
board or a large sheet of paper. Students should respond to each question, describing the work using appropriate vocabulary.
What makes the object a vessel?
Using the criteria we established in class, what makes it art?
What do you think is the culture of the artist? Support your conclusion with visual details.
Pretend you are an archeologist or art historian living in the year 3000 who just discovered this vessel.
Based on what you see in the vessel, what speculations would you make about the values of the culture that created it?
3. Choose volunteers to talk to the class about their speculations.
4. As a class, compare these vessels to the ones from the Getty's collection.
Students should be able to do the following:
Interpret the works of their peers within an historical and cultural context.
Participate in discussions and activities using appropriate vocabulary.
Express informed opinions regarding the significance, value, and meaning of their peers' works of art,
based on specific criteria.
Visual Arts Content Standards for California Public Schools
Grades 9—12 Proficient
1.0 Artistic Perception
Develop Perceptual Skills and Visual Arts Vocabulary
1.1 Identify and use the principles of design to discuss, analyze, and write about visual aspects in the environment and
in works of art, including their own.
1.2 Describe the principles of design as used in works of art, focusing on dominance and subordination.
Analyze Art Elements and Principles of Design
1.3 Research and analyze the work of an artist and write about the artist's distinctive style and its contribution to the
meaning of the work.
Impact of Media Choice
1.5 Analyze the material used by a given artist and describe how its use influences the meaning of the work.
4.0 Aesthetic Valuing
4.1 Articulate how personal beliefs, cultural traditions, and current social, economic, and political contexts influence
the interpretation of the meaning or message in a work of art.
Make Informed Judgments
4.3 Formulate and support a position regarding the aesthetic value of a specific work of art and change or defend that
position after considering the views of others.
4.5 Employ the conventions of art criticism in writing and speaking about works of art
National Standards for Visual Arts Education
2. Using knowledge of structures and functions
a. Demonstrate the ability to form and defend judgments about the characteristics and structures to accomplish commercial,
personal, communal, or other purposes of art.
b. Evaluate the effectiveness of artworks in terms of organizational structures and functions.
4. Understanding the visual arts in relation to history and cultures
a. Differentiate among a variety of historical and cultural contexts in terms of characteristics and purposes of works of art.
b. Describe the function and explore the meaning of specific art objects within varied cultures, times, and places.
c. Analyze relationships of works of art to one another in terms of history, aesthetics, and culture, justifying conclusions
made in the analysis and using such conclusions to inform their own art making.
5. Reflecting upon and assessing the characteristics and merits of their work and the work of others
b. Describe meanings of artworks by analyzing how specific works are created and how they relate to historical and cultural
c. Reflect analytically on various interpretations as a means for understanding and evaluating works of visual art.