Small paper plates, hole punch, yarn, masking tape, construction paper, crayons, markers, glue, scissors.
You could also have the following available: tissue paper, crepe paper, wallpaper, and glitter.
Images of artworks depicting people celebrating. Examples are below.
Before class, decide on a theme around which the class will create celebratory hats. Pre-punch two holes along
the rim of the paper plates, directly across from one another. To make the holes stronger, add pieces of masking
tape to the rim of the plate before punching the holes. String pieces of yarn through the holes to make straps
so that children can wear the hats at the end of the lesson. Have a variety of widths and lengths of colored
paper strips available, as well as a box of colored scrap paper for unusual shapes, and other supplies for decoration.
1. Ask students what they learned about how artists can communicate a mood or feeling in an artwork through various
formal tools and subject matter. Show them one of the suggested images and have a discussion about the celebration
depicted by asking:
What word would you use to describe what you see?
If you could be any of the people you see in the picture, who would
you choose? Why?
The people in this scene are celebrating something. Can you tell what they are celebrating?
After they have guessed, tell the students what celebration is depicted. Ask them which elements or symbols
in the image help communicate what the celebration is.
2. Discuss the types of events students celebrate in their lives by asking:
What events do you celebrate? (birthdays, anniversaries, Christmas, solstice, Ramadan, etc.)
What are you celebrating on these days? (the day you were born, the day something special happened,
the birth of Jesus, the day the seasons change, the end of fasting, etc.)
How do you celebrate these events? (Are there special rituals? Who comes to the celebrations?)
Do you wear anything special for the event?
3. Have students look again at the artworks introduced earlier and examine the various hats worn in the picture.
Ask each student to describe his or her favorite hat in the image. Encourage them to describe the hat using details of
color, line, texture, and shape.
4. Tell the class what the theme of their celebration will be and that each of them will create a hat to wear to
the celebration. Brainstorm with the class about what visual images are associated with the theme of the celebration.
List these ideas on the chalkboard. Ask students to think about creating a hat that will communicate the feeling of
5. Demonstrate how to make the components of the hat, but do not put the hat together, so they do not simply
copy a model. Encourage students to invent new ways to create paper sculpture and suggest that they try to repeat
lines and shapes with the forms. Demonstrate various techniques for creating three-dimensional effects, such as:
fringe (make small cuts in one edge of the paper)
fold (make accordion pleats, or shapes like a triangles or rectangles)
loop (glue or tape two ends of a strip of paper together)
curl (demonstrate curling a paper around a pencil)
make a cylinder or a cone
6. As students work, have them glue each piece as they create it. Walk around the room to give
individual help and talk about color, design elements, and balance. Students should practice creating
pattern and texture either with Magic Markers and crayons, or by pasting cut-paper shapes onto their hats.
7. Plan to have at least five to 10 minutes at the end of the class to share the creations. Everyone can wear
their own hats and view the hats created by their classmates. Have students share what they like about another
student's hat and what sort of feeling the hat conveys.
8. As a culminating event, have students wear their hats as part of a class parade.
Visual Arts Content Standards for California Public Schools
1.3 Identify the elements of art (line, color, shape/form, texture, value, space) in the environment and in works of art,
emphasizing line, color, and shape/form.
2.2 Demonstrate beginning skill in the use of tools and processes, such as the use of scissors, glue, and paper in
creating a three-dimensional construction.
2.7 Create a three-dimensional form, such as a real or imaginary animal.
Historical and cultural context
3.2 Identify and describe works of art that show people doing things together.
3.3 Look at and discuss works of art from a variety of times and places.
4.2 Describe what is seen (including both literal and expressive content) in selected works of art.
4.3 Discuss how and why they made a specific work of art.
1.3 Identify the elements of art in objects in nature, in the environment, and in works of art,
emphasizing line, color, shape/form, and texture.
2.1 Use texture in two-dimensional and three-dimensional works of art.
4.1 Discuss works of art created in the classroom, focusing on selected elements of art (e.g., shape/form, texture, line, color).
1.3 Identify the elements of art in objects in nature, the environment, and works of art, emphasizing line,
color, shape/form, texture, and space.
Historical and cultural context
3.1 Explain how artists use their work to share experiences or communicate ideas.
3.3 Identify and discuss how art is used in events and celebrations in various cultures, past and present,
including the use in their own lives.
4.4 Use appropriate vocabulary of art to describe the successful use of an element of art in a work of art.
National Standards for Visual Arts
Understanding and applying media, techniques, and processes
Students use different media, techniques, and processes to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories.
Using knowledge of structures and functions
Students know the differences among visual characteristics and purposes of art in order to convey ideas.
Students describe how different expressive features and organizational principles cause different responses.
Students use visual structures and functions of art to communicate ideas.
Choosing and evaluating a range of subject matter, symbols, and ideas
Students select and use subject matter, symbols, and ideas to communicate meaning.
Reflecting upon and assessing the characteristics and merits of their work and the work of others
Students understand there are various purposes for creating works of visual art.