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[ Thread ][ Subject ][ Author ][ Date ]frankland
Mon, 14 Sep 1998 21:19:22 -0400
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Here is an ocarina page sent to me by a friend. I haven't tried them
yet, but the instructions are great. Good luck!
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Ocarinas are Elementary
Exploring Ocarinas as Art and Music
Metcalf Laboratory School
Illinois State University
Normal, IL 61790-7000
I received degrees in art, painting and printmaking, art
history and art education from Illinois Wesleyan University,
Bloomington; University of Illinois, Urbana; and Illinois State
As an art teacher at Metcalf and a musician and composer, I
have enjoyed combining art and music in the making and playing of
ocarinas with students. When I bought my first ocarina at a
crafts fair in Port Angelese, WA, several years ago, I wanted to
try making my own instruments. With many hours of working on my
own and with students, I have gradually made better whistles and
ocarinas. I also am interested in learning more about these folk
instruments to share information with others.
The ocarina is a musical instrument usually made of clay
(although some are made of wood.) This globular flute originated
in Pre-Colombian Central and South America. Often ocarinas were
made in the shapes of birds, people or animals. The crucial part
of making an ocarina is creating the correct bevel where the air
column from the wind way is split. For proper tuning of notes,
the different sizes of finger holes, all placed behind the sound
hole, are more important than their placement.
Some of My Favorite Sites on Ocarinas:
Burnt Earth Web Page: Globular Horns
- This site has interesting photos of different clay
instruments that are different from ocarinas, more like
- This site has examples of a variety of sound
clips.According to David this site has the first ocarina
concert on the www.
Wikla's Music Page
- Atro has interesting information on a variety of
McNaught (Percussion, Flute)
- Bruce hails from Wellington, NZ
Walker's Web Page
- This is David's official page - see his other page above,
Whistlin' Dixie above for more fun information about
- Folk Mote
Music - Wind Instruments
- Although limited, there is a good photo of a wooden
- Folk Music on the
- Site gives links to other Web sites.
Indios:(of the Indians) Importers of South American
- This catalogue has some very good photos of different
- Mid-East Mfg., Inc.
- Photos of many folk instruments are shown, few ocarinas.
- This catalogue has some very nice graphic images of
different ocarinas. The authors of this home page mention
that ocarinas because a craze in the U.S. around the turn
of the century in their "sweet potato" form,
and during WW II the U.S. government even issued
mass-produced plastic ocarinas to its soldiers as a
- Recorder/ocarina player, music teacher and puppeteer
- Plays the ocarina and has photos of slip mold ocarinas.
- Musical group performing with ocarinas (1994 Hearts of
Examples of Student Work from College
for Youth - Whistlin' Clay 1996
By clicking on this image above, you can hear Kate and
Jenny playing their ocarina duet which they composed and
performed during class.
instructions for how to make clay ocarinas like the
B.I. Resources (before Internet)
- Janet Moniot, Clay Whistles...The
Voices of Clay, © 1989, The Whistle
Press, PO Box 273, Plainfield, New Hampshire
- Chicago Tribune, "Time! It's a
Whistlestop", Section 11, p. 12; Dec. 16,
- (Article about Howard and Sandy Binder who make clay
- Ilene Hunter and Marilyn Judson, Simple
Folk Instruments to Make and to Play,
© 1977, Simon and Schuster, pp. 146-147.
- Jack Botermans, Herman Dewit, Hans
Goddefroy, Making and Playing
Musical Instruments, © 1989,
University of Washington Press, Seattle
- Anita Feng, Music in Stoneware. Issaquah, WA,
formerly of Champaign, IL.
- She has made wheel-thrown ocarinas since 1974. She
mentions that in the 1850's the 10-hole ocarina with
traditional western tunings first appeared in Italy where
it was made in the shape and size of a little goose
("ocarina"). Before the recorder came into
vogue in the United States, ocarinas known as "sweet
potatoes" were quite popular. Visit her web
FLUTES, PO Box 460652,San Francisco,
- These flutes which date back to pre-Colombian
civilization were found specifically in Bolivia and Peru
with similar instruments being used in Central and South
America by the Mayas, Incas and Diaguitas.
- The[Musical Rock] Ocarina Music Book
compiled by J. Saunders West, c. 1981, Clear Ahead
Unlimited, Denver, CO. Ocarina (Italian word for
"Globular Flute") whose origins date back
thousands of years. Archeologists have found traces of
primitive clay flutes from stone age times. They have
been part of the musical culture in both Asia and Europe
(China-"Hsuan" and France "cou cou").
In the 1800's Italians built complex eight or nine holed
ocarinas of metal as well as of clay, however they were
quite large and had to be carried around with two hands.
Created by: Suan Guess-Hanson. Please send
Last Updated: 04/09/97
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