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RE: colonial american weaving-cards


From: Puhl, Kristen K (puhlk_at_TeacherArtExchange)
Date: Mon Oct 20 2003 - 15:36:18 PDT

I'm student teaching in the artroom of a weave-aholic right now and a couple of our students just completed card weavings a week or so ago. They had a series of cards with four holes in each; they had to put the string through the holes in a certain pattern and then tie themselves to the door (sitting in a chair with the harness around the chair) and turn the cards in certain ways...don't ask me. It's confusing but they turned out beautifully.
We don't have a website here...Judy, if I emailed you some pictures could you post them somewhere? Or somebody?
We also have lots of inkle looms (the middles school kids are doing this right now) and a couple others that I don't know the names of, and a large one that sits on the floor. (My cooperating teacher would die if he read this.) He studied with a quite famous textiles artist at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls in the sixties I would guess. I've tried to absorb as much about weaving as I can, but it all seems so complicated!

        -----Original Message-----
        From: Judy Decker []
        Sent: Mon 10/20/2003 11:42 AM
        To: ArtsEdNet Talk
        Subject: RE: colonial american weaving

        Hi Jan,
        Looms with heddles/harness loom have been around a
        long time...
        Simplest looms were one harness (device through which
        warp yarns are threaded). The Colonial home loom
        varied from two to four harnesses. Harnesses may be
        connected to foot treadles which raise or lower them,
        singularly or in combination. The earliest coverlets
        wre woven on two harness hand looms. soon to be
        replaced by four harness handlooms. Looms were often
        set up in the common room of the home or in a loom
        shed, separate from the main dwelling. Usually women
        were weavers. During the late 18th and early 19th
        Centuries - a 'Colonial' style, 4-harness,
        counter-balanced loom was used.
        Here is just a blurb I found:
        "The making of woven bed covers underwent a revolution
        in the early 1800's after Joseph Maric Jacquard of
        France invented weaving loom attachment that used a
        series of Punch cards for figured and fancy woven
        patterns, Previously, overshot coverlets using hand,
        barrel or draw looms prevailed. The jacquard
        attachment enabled the master weaver to create a
        larger coverlet panel, work much more efficiently, and
        reduce costs drastically."
        Here is a modern version of a Colonial Handloom:
        Here is a demonstration photo:
        Here is one that would closely resemble looms from
        Colonial America:
        Here is a reproduction Colonial Harness loom
        (althought this one has more harnesses than was
        typical-- a bit more fancy):
        other models (company has been in business for around
        100 years)
        I did search history of loom and colonial loom...but
        gave up finding anything more difinitive. I could
        probably go upstairs and look it up in my weaving book
        - but this should be enough of an answer for your
        students. Our local county museum has a four harness
        loom on display (but I do't know the age of it).
        --- "Hillmer, Jan" <> wrote:
> As long as we're discussing Col. Am. art, Thanks,
> Sharon, for your wonderful site - we're doing a
> weaving project based on your woven drawstring bags.
> A question, tho. Does anybody know what types of
> looms were used during those early American days? A
> student wondered out loud, and I didn't really know.
> Thanks for any and all help!
> Jan
        Judith Decker
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