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lesson plan - paper sculpture model and ink stippling

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From: wendy free (wendfree_at_TeacherArtExchange)
Date: Tue Oct 30 2001 - 19:10:15 PST


i was really pleased with the results of this project, both with the
products and the skills that were learned/refined --- i think my students
were, too!

:) wendy free

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Paper Sculpture and Ink Drawing Wendy Free Two Dimensional Art and
Composition

Part 1: Review/demonstrate/practice basic paper sculpture techniques and
components. Include fringe, curl, fan, cone, spring, strip shapes, weaving,
crumpling, tearing, and piercing.

Part 2: Create a non-representational paper sculpture. Use an 8 by 5
piece of copy paper for the base. Incorporate a variety of combined
techniques to construct a three dimensional composition which is well
balanced and visually interesting - think of variety of size, shape, and
texture and relationship of forms and spaces in between. Consider
craftsmanship when assembling paper sculpture (cutting, gluing.).

Part 3: Practice creating value with ink stippling. Use a black ultra fine
permanent Sharpie marker to fill in a divided strip containing 5 values:
white, light, medium, dark, and black. Make values by varying the number
and proximity of dots (many close dots= dark; few widely spaced dots=light).
Make transitions between values gradual by "fading" from one value to the
next. Then practice creating value on a three-dimensional form. Use
pencil to draw a medium sized circle. Use an arrow to indicate a light
source. Shade the circle and its cast shadow with dots to create the
illusion of a sphere. Use light shading closest to the light source and
progress smoothly to dark furthest from the light source. Leave the
highlight on the sphere (where the light shines directly and is reflected
back) white.

Part 4: Internet research: visit these websites and answer the questions.

http://www.ronchespak.com/ (paper sculpture artist)

http://drawsketch.about.com/library/weekly/aa063097.htm?once=true& (ink
stippling technique)

http://www.mabelharri.com/ (ink artist)

1. About how much do Ron Chespak's original paper sculptures cost?
2. Why do you think his work commands this amount?
3. Where can Chespak's work be found, other than in his gallery?
4. Describe your favorite Chespak piece. Why is it special to you?
5. Explain what ink stippling means in your own words.
6. Do you think ink stippling is a quick process? Why or why not?
7. Why is it a good idea to occasionally step back and look at your ink
stippling piece as you are working?
8. What does Mabel Harri like about the technique of ink stippling?
9. Choose your favorite Harri artwork and tell why you like it.

Part 5: Fold an 8 x 11 piece of paper into quarters. Make pencil
thumbnail sketches of four different views of your paper sculpture, one view
per quarter of your paper. Draw enlarged views (about 1 - 2x) of what
you see when you focus on a specific part of your sculpture. Concentrate on
accurately portraying shapes and proportion.

Part 6: Choose your best thumbnail sketch to turn into your final
composition. Redraw the composition in pencil on 9 x 12 heavy drawing paper
using your paper sculpture as a model and reference. Enlarge the
composition about 3x to 4x this time. (At this point, overhead lights are
out, shades are closed, and spotlights are providing the only light source).
Draw lightly and outline cast shadows and shaded areas on forms.

Part 7: Use ink stippling to represent the shading within your composition.
Be sure to include all five values - white, light, medium, dark, and black.
Also "blend" values to show three dimensionality of forms. As you shade be
sure to look closely at your model and observe the variety and location of
different values. Keep dots a uniform size and shape. Use dots ONLY! If
it becomes necessary to "outline" a form to define it or separate it from
another area of similar value, use a randomly dotted and spaced line. After
completing your ink stippling and letting it dry completely, use an eraser
to get rid of any remaining pencil lines.

Graded Components: paper sculpture, ink practice, Internet questions,
thumbnail sketches, final composition

Approximate time for completion: two weeks

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