well...this is sorta like a cup half full, or half empty! Shading the
white, tinting the black. <smile>
Actually, painters think of it simply as a "neutral", and not much
different from opposite colors of the color wheel mixed. Each removing
enough of its complimentary's character so as to "neutralize" it. When the
resulting gray leans toward one of the opposites more...for example- a gray
that leans toward a slight orange or "warm" gray (mixed from blue and the
opposite orange), you say it is more a tone...that is, toned down from the
more intense chroma orange.
Tone traditionally includes white, black AND color....however, many artists
(of Impressionist persuasion) shy from using black to tone a color since
black often destroys the color. There is a bit of the color "blue" in most
blacks, which is why when black is mixed with yellow you often get this
hope this helps....
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