I have been out of touch with this line, so please excuse me if I discuss something already covered. I read some recent research about Cahokia (Illinois mound pyramid city) and the prehistoric horse in America. The tough little horses that the Spaniards brought to America were just what the Desert and Plains Indians needed to help them improve their lives. The horse was the technology that advanced and changed their tribal lives forever. By the time the first of the Puritans arrived in MA (1620), the Spanish horse had spread throughout the plains. The Spaniards had been in North and South America for over 100 years.
There is evidence that a terrible drought spread throughout the area that stretches from Illinois to California, and this was the reason for the great plains area. The trees died, and the grasses flourished. The anthropologists believe that this drought force the Anasazi south and the Cahokia people north, south, and east. This drought is said to have happened about 50-100 years before the Spaniards arrived.
The Puritans did not expect to arrive in the northern seaboard. Their captain was to take them to an area close to Jamestown, VA. Supposedly the ship was thrown off course by bad weather, but there is some evidence to support the theory that he was purposely instructed to travel North. Who knows?
The place where the Puritans arrived was a cold jungle of huge trees and bushes with very few clearings. There were never any Spanish horses east of the Mississippi until they were brought across by man. The first horses on the eastern NAm seaboard were work horses.
When you are talking of horses and art, please don't forget about Wesley Dennis who wrote and illustrated his own books, but won Caldecott honors for his illustrations of Marguerite Henry's "King of the Wind". About the foundation stallion of the Thoroughbreds in England.
There was already a great body of historical evidence among sailors from, 1200's to 1550's that the North American indigent populations did not look kindly on interlopers. One of the early Viking settlements was destroyed, and none of the men ever returned to Greenland to explain why.
Just a little context. You guys are so cool, and I love to listen to your stories.
I know most of this is a little of topic, and I am probably out of the loop. Thanks in advance for understanding. Laugh if you want;-)
--- "The road is better than the inn." -unknown author
On Mon, 02 Nov 1998 16:42:49 John & Sandra Barrick wrote: >Hey you read my mind but I had to be fingerprinted so I couldn't >keep writing >Okay so to further extend the lesson: >Ink brushstroke paintings as the scrolls in asian paintings. >Painting horses.(could even use cloth and make a painting) >The kinds of horses which were native to the land(New and old world) >and how they came to america.(Palimo,(sp)) etc. >For other kindergarten ideas think of natural resources which to use >to make pictures which were indigenous to the area and time. >i.e.-Corn which is a great texture glued to husks and matched to >numbers as in classification games. 5 kernel of corn glued to husks >match a husk with the #5 painted or glued number 5 on it. >Using a cone and making a doll from it. One being Pilgrim/one being >native(corn husk doll etc. >Cone which is glued with natural material, beans, corn, seed etc. >Sandra >Actually making paint/stains and creative pictures and cloth. >This would be true for both people(Pilgrim as well as native) >Planning out and drawing a garden which new settlers would have >done. > >Christine Merriam wrote: > >> >> Another teachable moment.... have students research what kind of horses >> were on the North American Continent when the Pilgrims arrived.... >> Unless I am mistaken, horses were imported by the Spaniards (and other >> foreigners). >> The horses that once roamed North America were extinct. >> >> Christine Merriam >> Kayenta Intermediate School >
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