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Lesson Plans

Re: Paper making

[ Thread ][ Subject ][ Author ][ Date ]
Fri, 7 Nov 1997 13:56:35 +0300

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For the paper itself, I use a combination of cotton linters (10%) and recycled paper from the
computer lab (90%) which has a high fiber content to it. You can use
any kind of recycled paper although newsprint and newspaper turn
grey. Soak the paper overnight, throw a small fistfull in a blender
and turn on frappe for a minute or so until it is a fine "pulp." You
can do it if it isn't soaked but it won't break down as easily and
leaves chunks in the paper fiber. I add a cap of bleach to a 5 gallon
bucket to keep the water from spoiling. For screens, you can simply
staple gun screen door screening to an old picture frame. I reinforce
it with a screen door mesh (not the small squares but the 1/2" mesh)
- I'm not sure what it's called - it looked like grilling -
underneath the screen door screening for strength. You can also buy
papermaking mesh, which is of course the best and most durable from
Twin Rocker, I believe is the company.

You can add colored tissue paper for dye instead of acrylic paint.
Acrylic will stain clothes if it is splashed during the papermaking
process. The tissue creates great color but it will temporarily stain
your hands. Construction paper works well, too, shredded up and added
to the pulp; the colors aren't as vivid as tissue paper but the dye
won't stain your hands as much. Colored pulp is fun because you can
put different colors together onto one screen and construct a
multicolored piece of paper from a variety of tubs. I use the deep
plastic dishwashing tubs you can buy at the dime store for holding
the paper pulp. I usually have students save the flower heads from
cut flowers, collect skins from onions, dried plants, etc. to throw
in one tub. Additionally, there is also a tub where I put in glitter
and sequins which is always really popular.

The other alternative to do keep your pulp white and do watercoloring
right on top of the wet paper after it is couched. Kids love this. The only danger is if they are still "scrubbing" while
painting with a brush and in that case, may pull some of the fiber

Instead of felt, you can use handiwipes for couching the paper from
the screen. The advantage of handiwipes is that you can throw them in
the washing machine after you are finished with them. The paper also
dries more quickly on the handiwipes. I put plastic on a table if I'm
doing it inside, otherwise, you can lay the handiwipes outside to
dry. I have used masking tape on the handiwipes to identify whose
paper is whose, but the older tape has a tendancy to pull away some
of the handiwipe.

You can couch your paper onto objects, such as molds, bowls, and even
make plaster casts for couching directly into your own molds. I have
done this process successfully with 4th grade on up.

Having been doing papermaking with kids for nearly
10 years, I've found these to be the best.


From: claudean caron <caron08>
Subject: A&E.N-paper making
Date: Sat, 1 Nov 1997 12:47:29 -0500 (EST)

Dear Curt,
I have recently wrote a lesson plan on paper making, and colored paper
making. The supplies that you need would be a blender, shredded cotton
paper, screen, wood or duck tape for the frames of the screen, acrylic
paints, felt and a few heavy books to drain the excess liquid. Water will
also be very essential. The procedures are to put the shredded paper into
the blender with water and create pulp. At this time if you want the paper
to be colored you would add acrylic paint. Pour the pulped colored liquid
into a bucket and continue until the bucket is filled. Make sure that the
container in which the pulped liquid goes is big enough to fit the screen.
After the container is filled have the students dip there wood framed
screens, or duck taped screens into the mixture and move is front and back
to cover the screen with the substance. Drain the screen and lay it between
two pieces of felt to suck up the excess water, and apply pressure with the
heavy books to drain. Peel off the screen and let air dry. If my memory
serves me correctly this is how to make paper. There are several different
methods, and books that you could find. If antone has anything to add to my
procedures please do, and correct me if anything is wrong. I tried to do it
the easier, more economical way.
SUNY New Paltz,NY

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