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Pledge of Allegiance

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From: Lawrence A. Parker (occti_at_TeacherArtExchange)
Date: Mon Nov 06 2000 - 05:20:36 PST


If dispute about this ever comes up at your school, you might want to point
out some facts published in Ann Landers' column last week. This wasn't
researched by Ann so I tend to not question its accuracy. ;>)

"Francis Bellamy wrote the Pledge in 1892. It was fairly simple and said,
'I pledge allegiance to my flag and to the republic for which it stands -
one nation indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.'
In 1923, the pledge was changed so that "my flag" became "the flag of the
United States of America," although Bellamy objected. In 1954, during the
McCarthy era, the words "under God" were added by an act of Congress after
much political lobbying. The assumption was that all nonbelievers were
Communists. I suspect Bellamy would not have liked this. It discriminates
against atheists.
Ironically, the pledge has been championed by various conservative groups,
despite the fact that its author was a Socialist."

Lawrence A. Parker
Philosopher/Educational Consultant
The Ohio Center for Critical Thinking Instruction
http://www.acorn.net/lists-ht/occti.html
Truth, Honor and Courage