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Lesson Plans

Gail Asian Brush painting

[ Thread ][ Subject ][ Author ][ Date ]
Diane L. (mselle)
Mon, 09 Mar 1998 21:47:49 -0500

Dear Gail and et al..., thanks for the postings... with reference to DBAE,
that's a long topic but to be brief the abbreviation stands for Disciplined
Based Art Education. The discipline of art is broken down to four major
areas: Art history, Studio arts, art criticism and aesthetics. The
instructor is to cultivate the students interest in the arts by engaging
him/her in on task activities drawn from all these areas throughout the
school year. There is not set rule as to where the emphasis should be,
indeed if there should be an emphasis on any one of the four domains, but
most educators allot more time to hands on, studio arts. To be successful
at this a teacher needs to know art history, art criticism, (for example,
what critiques might be used to examine a work of post modern art as
opposed to a classical greek sculpture) and aesthetics, (comparative
analysis helps here, for example, Artists in Mexico might favor bright
colors, while artists in Alaska might be prone to use earthtones, (my
example is poor, and simplistic, but I think it establishes the idea).
Studio Art sort of speaks for itself. The Getty Institute is a strong
supporter of DBAE. One of the reasons is that If I remember correctly,
Getty took a survey years ago asking the public what it thought about art
and museums and found that most people were unschooled in the arts. Since
we need an educated public to support the arts DBAE is a means to that end.
The uneasyness arises when there are other approaches to art, such as
child centered, which focuses on where the child is at, let him her express
themselves with little or no formal training. It's still a popular
concept, and I believe it could be worked into the DBAE system, expecially
with elementary level. Another concept in art ed is the materials approach.
Teachers let students enter class and choose their own materials and
project. Some kids will paint, others do clay, etc. A bit hectic, but
again there is some worthyness to this also, maybe it could be modified as
to free time art , after the main project. I try to do a little of this
in my classes. I teach in a private school which believes in creative play
and so after the main project you might find some of my students making
paper puppets, some drawing with markers (but not working with clay or
paint.. they fall into the major project area) my classes are small, so so
far I have been able to do this. I'm sure there are other approaches to
teaching art. Process art comes to mind...advocates of this approach feel
the means are exciting , the end product is not the important aspect of the
creative experience. When a teacher is trained they could be trained in
any of these areas. Some tenured teachers were trained in the 70's and
don't have strong backgrounds in art history, but are great at studio arts.
Philosophically they may not even feel that it is necessary for a student
to know about art history, art criticism or aesthetics in order to benefit
from the "art experience", (the joy of creating something). I like DBAE,
but I would not want to become a textbook type teacher. There are a lot of
DBAE influenced art textbooks out there that are far too wordy and look
like social studies textbooks. ( I am also certified to teach Social
Studies, 7-12 and If I were teaching social studies I would probably not
want to use a text book either. Which brings me to another issue. Often
your State will have an education dept with guide lines these sometimes
reflect the current trends. Our state is sympathetic to the DBAE approach
althought it does not directly call it that, but the goals and objectives
are very similar. School districts can do what they want, usually in
agreement with state guidelines, and if DBAE is popular at the local level,
prospective art teachers will be assessed with that in mind. So you might
have a tenured old timer doing child centered with a new teacher doing
DBAE, I hope this answers your question. You can write to Getty for info,
they have tons of it. pardon the spelling, in a hurry, Sincerely, Diane